FILE In this Monday Jan 1 2018 file photo A

first_imgFILE – In this Monday, Jan. 1, 2018, file photo, Alabama wide receiver Calvin Ridley (3) is tackled by Clemson linebacker James Skalski (47) in the first half of the Sugar Bowl NCAA college football game in New Orleans. How much does Alabama lean on Ridley in the passing game? The junior has 59 catches for 935 yards to lead the Tide. No other receiver has more than 16 receptions of 244 yards. (AP Photo/Butch Dill, File) Both players will become free agents March 14.J.J. Nelson is expected to return, but the undersized speedster has been affected by dropped passes throughout his three-year career.The Cardinals are also (no secret) looking for quarterbacks, and could pluck one in the first round, but Kiper’s latest mock has four signal callers being selected in the top 11 picks, leaving Arizona holding the bag in this projection.Kiper’s first mock draft, released on Jan. 18, had Arizona selecting Iowa defensive back Josh Jackson in the first round. Former Cardinals kicker Phil Dawson retires Some of those mocks hold more weight than others, based on the author.Mel Kiper Jr. of ESPN is one such expert, and his second mock of the season was released on ESPN.com Wednesday morning. It has Arizona selecting Alabama wide receiver Calvin Ridley with the 15th pick.I love this fit for both sides. Take a look at the Cardinals’ depth chart from the end of the season. Larry Fitzgerald will be 35 when the 2018 season begins. John Brown and Jaron Brown are free agents. They need a No. 2 receiver. Ridley is far and away the best wideout in this draft class, and getting him at No. 15 is good value. He had 19 career touchdown catches with inconsistent quarterback play. Arizona also needs a quarterback, of course, but I think new coach Steve Wilks & Co. are more likely to go the veteran route. But watch out for the Cardinals if one of the top four QBs falls.Ridley is considered by most to be the best receiver prospect in this year’s class. In three years in Tuscaloosa, the 6-foot-1, 190-pound Ridley caught 224 passes for 2,781 yards and 19 touchdowns. He was a key cog in helping the Crimson Tide win two College Football Playoff championships in three appearances.The Cardinals certainly need help at the receiver position. Yes, veteran Larry Fitzgerald is coming back for 2018, and his production has shown no drop-off in recent seasons. Where there has been a drop-off is in the contributions of the rest of the receiving corps. Jaron Brown had 31 catches in 2017, the second-most among any wideout. He is a free agent, as is John Brown, who had 21 catches for 299 yards and three touchdowns last season. Grace expects Greinke trade to have emotional impact 14 Comments   Share   center_img The 5: Takeaways from the Coyotes’ introduction of Alex Meruelo There are still 64 days until this year’s NFL Draft, which gets underway April 26 in Arlington, Tex.As of Wednesday morning, the Arizona Cardinals still own the 15th overall pick in the first round. General manager Steve Keim could go in any number of directions with the pick, if mock drafts are any indication.A total of 19 different players have been projected to go to the Cardinals in that slot, according to the over 100 entries in ArizonaSports.com’s Mock Draft Tracker. Derrick Hall satisfied with D-backs’ buying and selling Top Stories last_img read more

Orangutans are the only great apes—besides humans—to talk about the past

first_img Email Orangutans are the only great apes—besides humans—to ‘talk’ about the past Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe By Virginia MorellNov. 14, 2018 , 4:35 PM Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Countrycenter_img Adriano Reis e Lameira, a postdoctoral student at the University of St. Andrews in the United Kingdom, was examining alarm calls in orangutans in Sumatra’s dense Ketambe forest, where the primates have been observed for nearly 40 years. He set up a simple experiment to investigate their alarm calls: A scientist draped in a tiger-striped, spotted, or plain sheet walked on all fours along the forest floor, right underneath lone female orangutans sitting in trees at heights of 5 to 20 meters above the ground.Once they were spotted, the scientists would wait 2 minutes before moving out of sight. At that point, Lameira expected the orangutans to sound an alarm. But the very first female they tested, an older mother with a 9-year-old youngster, did not make a sound. “She stopped what she was doing, grabbed her infant, defecated [a sign of distress], and started slowly climbing higher in the tree,” Lameira recalled. “She was completely quiet.”Lameira and his assistants waited—and waited. “It was frustrating. Twenty minutes passed. And then she finally did it.” But it wasn’t just one alarm. “She called for more than an hour.”That was the longest Lameira had to wait for one of the seven females he tested. Still, all of them delayed making the alarm call—waiting an average of 7 minutes. He doesn’t think the apes were “petrified with fear” because they did not hesitate to corral their infants or to climb to a safer height. Instead, he thinks the females were quiet so as not to draw attention. “The mother saw the predator as most dangerous to her youngster and chose not to call until it was gone,” he says. Then, and only then, did she provide information, letting the infant learn about the danger that had passed, the team reports today in Science Advances.Not responding immediately to a stimulus (in this case, a tiger) is considered a sign of intelligence, Lameira says. It’s a talent that goes along with other abilities found in great apes, such as long-term memory, intentional—rather than instinctive—communication, and fine control of the laryngeal muscles, all of which ultimately led to the evolution of language, he argues.Simon Townsend, a comparative psychologist at the University of Zurich, agrees, saying the paper suggests the ability to discuss important events after they have happened is a “cognitive building block” of language. Van Schaik, however, thinks the orangutans’ ability is fundamental to the evolution of language itself, not simply another building block. Now, let me tell you again about the strange, scary, striped cat I saw … Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) When wild orangutans spot a predator, they let out a loud “kiss-squeak,” a call that sounds like a human smooching. That noise tells tigers and other enemies, “I’ve seen you,” scientists believe, and it also lets other orangutans know danger is near. Now, researchers report having heard orangutans making this call long after predators have passed—the first evidence that primates other than humans can “talk” about the past.“The results are quite surprising,” says Carel van Schaik, a primatologist at the University of Zurich in Switzerland who was not involved in the work. The ability to talk about the past or the future “is one of the things that makes language so effective,” he says. That suggests, he adds, that the new findings could provide clues to the evolution of language itself.Many mammals and birds have alarm calls, some of which include information on the type and size of a predator, its location and distance, and what level of danger it poses. But until now, researchers have never heard wild animals announcing danger after the fact.last_img read more