New Craters Found on Mars

first_imgOrbiters can count new craters forming on Mars, refining cratering rates.  One spectacular new crater has appeared since 2010 with vivid rays.The BBC News published a photo of the new crater taken with the HiRise camera on board the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.  Seen in false color, with its 9-mile-long rays surrounding a 100-foot-wide crater , it looks like a blue starburst.  The crater formed sometime between July 2010 and May 2012; the hi-resolution photo was taken last November.  This and other craters lead scientists to estimate that “impacts producing holes at least 3.9m (12.8ft) in diameter occur at a rate exceeding 200 per year across the planet.”  Astrobiology Magazine also announced the crater.  See also 5/21/13.Mars scientists never cease wondering if water flowed on Mars, and if so, whether life appeared.  Space.com teased with a headline, “Ancient Mars May Have Been Habitable for Hundreds of Millions of Years,” based on the supposition that clay-rich minerals at the rim of Endeavor Crater, found by the Opportunity rover, suggest that neutral-acidic water once existed there.  Astrobiology Magazine called the outcrop “livable mud.”  Meanwhile, on the other side of the planet, the Curiosity rover supposedly found a dry lake bed.  Mission scientist John Grotzinger introduced five papers in Science about Mars habitability.  Exercising some restraint on imagination, he agreed, “These results demonstrate that early Mars was habitable, but this does not mean that Mars was inhabited.”One real-Mars factor that cannot be ignored is the radiation environment.  The top few meters of Mars’ surface is exposed to ionizing radiation, likely to degrade organic molecules.  From measurements reported by others in the special issue, Grotzinger said, “Extrapolating these rates over geologically important periods of time and merging with modeled radiolysis data yields a predicted 1000-fold decrease in 100–atomic mass unit organic molecules in ∼650 million years” – just 14% of Mars’ assumed age.  One paper proposes that mudstone with organics was buried till recently exposed; that’s about the best hope for possible life to escape the radiation barrage.  “Earth’s thick atmosphere and magnetic field greatly reduce incoming radiation,” Grotzinger noted.Evidence of flowing water on the rims of craters has been hard to prove, Science Daily reported.  The “recurring slope lineae” keep reappearing in the Martian summer, but scientists cannot rule out non-watery processes for their formation.There is life on Mars now, if you can include the most Mars-like environment on Earth.  The Conversation tells about volunteers who are working in simulated Martian conditions out in a remote stretch of Utah desert near Hanksville.  Ashley Dale tells about his experiences as crew commander in a 14-day experiment to prepare human beings for the rigors of a trip to the red planet.  As visionary as such a trip sounds, reality checks will be needed.  “I had to keep a calm head and remind myself of the expedition’s priorities,” he said; “Human ingenuity has been perfecting the technology we will need on Mars, but what we can’t do is eliminate human follies.”Update 2/13/14: Astrobiology Magazine posted a graph showing that the daily Martian radiation dosage exceeds the annual limit for a Department of Energy Worker.  What does this do for life?  If it’s in the Martian soil within a meter of the surface, “gamma rays and neutrons are easily capable of breaking molecular bonds in the soil, destroying evidence of past life, as well as any life that may be presently trying to survive there.”Human follies, alas.  They are evident right here, in the vain imaginations of astrobiologists.Let’s do a simple back-of-the-envelope calculation of cratering on Mars from the figure given: at least 200 new impacts per year 12 ft across or more.   That should yield 900 billion craters over the lifetime of Mars – close to a trillion.  Assuming a fraction of those would be large enough to loft debris to form secondary craters, and some of those could create orbiting bodies that would fall later, that total seems unreasonably high.  The same rate would produce over a million craters in just 6,000 years – plenty, but credible.  If anyone would like to refine these estimates, they would need to consider the rate of erasure of craters by dust storms and other impacts, and factors that could vary the impact rate from a steady state.  The rate we measure today, for instance, may not reflect rates in the past.  Planetary scientists frequently propose a “Late Heavy Bombardment” of large impactors, for instance, but such hypotheses are speculative (1/09/12). (Visited 22 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

SA launches schools football WC

first_img13 May 2008The Moletsane Sports Complex in Soweto, to the southwest of Johannesburg, was awash with activities last Saturday, with the official launch of the South African Schools Football World Cup Partnership.The partnership is an initiative lead by the Department of Education, the Department of Sport and Recreation, the 2010 Local Organising Committee (LOC) and the South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) in an effort to educate and get some 12-million South African school pupils – both boys and girls – excited about hosting the 2010 Fifa World Cup.Education Minister Naledi Pandor, Deputy Sport and Recreation Minister Gert Oosthuizen, LOC chairman Irvin Khoza, LOC communications director Tim Modise, Bafana Bafana legend Phil Masinga, various government officials and SABC representatives attended the launch.The launch of the partnership on 10 May coincided with the election of Nelson Mandela as South Africa’s first democratic president in 1994, and music, dance and cheer was the order of the day as groups from participating schools shared the stage and rendered cultural items to the delight the crowd.Confederations Cup, World Cup inspirationSaturday’s launch saw the start of the first phase of the competition, with the tournament being rolled out in two phases. The first phase will be organised along the lines of the Confederations Cup and the second phase the actual World Cup.For each of the phases, the schools that participate will assume the identities of the participating countries, with all schools being encouraged to fly the national flag, sing the national anthem and engage in other activities, such as preparing the national food of the country they represent.The participating schools last week were Lavela Secondary, Emdeni High School, Zithathele Primary School, Ekuphumeleleni Primary, Progress, Winnie Ngwekazi High, Moletsane Secondary and Kliptown Secondary.“The World Cup is going to involve all South Africans, Africans and particularly South African children,” said master of ceremonies Modise, adding that the partnership gave students and opportunity to participate actively in the World Cup.Diverse culturesPandor meanwhile made an avid appeal to all participating schools pupils to learn as much as they can about the countries they will be representing in the tournaments.“In this way we are then preparing our young people to enjoy the World Cup with a key understanding of the diverse world we leave in, we are encouraging young people to know about other countries and their cultures,” she said.Pandor added that the initiative was also aimed at luring school children away from the streets and inappropriate habits, and encourage them to engage in healthy lifestyles.“The launch of this partnership in Soweto must motivate us to use school sport to encourage physical activities and healthy lifestyles,” she said. “The competition must also remind us about our commitment to the HIV/Aids awareness campaign, to our commitment to anti-doping and to our commitment to prevent substance abuse among young people and our citizens generally.”Spreading the messageKhoza said the 12-million school children being targeted by the initiative would help spread the message about the World Cup to families and communities.“Consequently schools have been identified as a primary vehicle to take the Fifa 2010 World Cup messages not only to children, but indeed to families and to communities of South Africa and also the African continent,” he said.The 2010 Fifa World Cup School Campaign is built on three key pillars namely education, development and participation.“The other goals of the campaign are to ensure the development and implementation of integrative educational campaign aiming at preparing and educating learners and teachers about all aspects of the Fifa World Cup,” said Khoza.Gert Oosthuizen encouraged fair play throughout the competition and urged learners to stay away from illegal performance enhancers and drugs.“It is a natural attribute of human beings to compete, but the way in which we compete tears us apart, we need to apply the rules of the game and not cheat,” he said. “We need to ensure that we do not take performance enhancing substances and cheat in a calculated and manipulative way, we also need to say Ke Moja no to drugs.”Source: South Africa 2010last_img read more

Itlhabolole: beauty from waste

first_imgA pair of shoes created from waste by Itlhabolole Waste Management, a self-help project in North West province. (Image: North West Craft and Design Institute) MEDIA CONTACTS •Margaret Khambule Itlhabolole Waste Management +27 73 648 7200 •Potlako Ntlatleng North West manager National Development Agency +27 18 392 6892RELATED ARTICLES • Voluntourism: See SA, do good • Greening it up in Cape Town • Food security starts at home Bongani NkosiSomewhere in South Africa, in some little-known village, waste is being turned into beautiful income-generating objects.A band of motivated women in Ikopeleng village, in the North West province, are leading a groundbreaking project, aptly called Itlhabolole Waste Management. They turn bin-destined waste into stylish clothing and other indoor designs.Ithlabolole (Setswana, meaning “develop yourself”) produces trendy ladies’ bags, traditional Tswana clothing, shoes, plastic wreaths, dustbins, peg holders, mats and placemats from plastic.“We collect dirty plastics to create beautiful artefacts,” says founding member Margaret Khambule. “The people we work with are very passionate about the project.”Itlhabolole was started in 2000 by a group of 21 people, mostly women. In 2005 the group received their biggest funding to the tune of US$51 200 (R387 700) from the National Lotteries Board.Also in 2005, it was a recipient of a $2 640 (R20 000) donation from the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) through its Khula Enterprise, which facilitates access to funding for small and medium businesses. The Small Enterprise Development Agency also gave Itlhabolole $6 600 (R50 000) in that year.“This is a project that shows that women are an economic power in rural areas and are determined to fight poverty…,” said then DTI deputy minister Elizabeth Thabethe at the South African Women Entrepreneurs Network imbizo in 2005.The funds catapulted Itlhabolole to a prolific and stable organisation that is able to generate income for its members. Today the cooperative consists of 18 people, 14 of whom are women and two are youth.“We sell our products and we also do exhibitions across the country. We try to boost our families,” said Khambule. “The project is not exactly big; we are just trying to sustain it.”The DTI’s support for the group has been quite commendable, said Khambule. The National Development Agency (NDA), which is mandated by the government to fund community projects, has been funding Itlhabolole for the past two years. “The DTI and NDA are helping us a lot.”Growth and successWithin just a year of its launch in 2000 the women were able to build their project’s headquarters in their village.The cooperative continues to enjoy its success and growth. Its impressive showing at Decorex Joburg, an expo that took place in the city in August, secured Itlhabolele a deal to showcase its products to Germany in an exhibition in 2010, and a chance to get its products into German markets.The annual Decorex event, a convergence of local and international designers, showcased chic indoor and outdoor designs.Itlhabolole received an overwhelming response at Decorex and its products were sold out within two days. The project took home a silver medal in the Best Product category.“This recognition is not only for the work that this organisation is doing, it also confirms for the women of Itlhabolole Waste Management that life is what you make of it,” said Potlako Ntlatleng, NDA North West provincial manager.“In a time when concern over the environment is gaining much attention, a small village in a corner of South Africa is creating wealth out of the waste that litters our streets,” Ntlatleng said.The group has established a strong client base in Johannesburg, Cape Town, Kimberley and Botswana. “We also trained groups of people on recycling in Kimberley and Botswana,” said Khambule.More than just a businessItlhabolole is more than just a business project; it is also an NGO. As part of its community work the group embarked on a cleaning campaign in Ikopeleng village on 2 October.Khambule said the campaign, which was also supported by their local municipality, was quite a success. She said they are on a drive to convince the government to lead clean-ups in villages. “We want to encourage the government to take part in these campaigns.”Khambule added that they were looking ahead to the 2010 Fifa World Cup, when millions of visitors are expected to flock to South Africa. “The country must be beautiful,” she said.Environmental responsibilityTeaching school-going youth about the necessity of a clean environment has also become the group’s work. They visit schools to drive a clean environment message. “It must ring in their heads that we need a clean environment,” said Khambule. Farming could also become Itlhabolole’s next major success. The group has recently received a piece of land in their village and plan to use it to grow their gardening business.At present they sell their vegetables in surrounding villages in the North West province. But the ultimate dream is to be able to supply major markets. “I dream about the farm becoming big, if we could just have a bigger market,” said Khambule.She said they continue to receive support from other government ministries, such as the Departments of Agriculture as well as Arts and Culture. The latter department recently provided art and administration learnerships for Itlhabolole.last_img read more

Play Your Part episode 19: synopsis

first_imgGet your sneak peek of episode 19 of the Play Your Part TV series, here:Putco Mafani, station manager and breakfast show host of Rhythm FM in the Eastern Cape, is one of the guests on episode 19 of Play Your Part, airing on 27 January 2018. (Images: Brand South Africa)Brand South Africa reporterRadio host Putco Mafani is the founder of Putcomafani Consulting, a 100% black-owned company that deals in public relations and events management.He is one of the guests on Play Your Part episode 19.The episode airs on Saturday, 27 January 2018 on SABC2 at 18:00.The other guests on the episode are:Youssef AtchaYoussef AtchaAtcha is the principal of The Leadership College in Manenberg, Cape Town. A private school, it is completely free for its learners, who are exceptionally good academically but cannot afford a private school. Their uniforms, stationery and excursions are also free.Sydney MadiboSydney MadiboMadibo is an entrepreneur and speaker who was a mentor on the 13-episode TV series, Future Leaders. He is also the president of the student representative council at North-West University.Play Your Part is broadcast at 18:00 on Saturdays on SABC2.To get involved in playing your part in South Africa:Check out the conversation on Twitter: #GetInvolved; orFind out about initiatives on Play Your Part here.Tell us how you Play Your Part through our social media channels:Follow us on Twitter: @PlayYourPartSA;Follow Brand South Africa on Twitter: @Brand_SA; orLike us on Facebook: Official Brand South Africa.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

Using Fax Machines to Route-Around Internet Censorship in Libya

first_imgTags:#cloud#security Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Related Posts Operation Libya White Fax sends single page faxes packed with dial-up info. Here’s a PDF copy of the fax.Although I applaud efforts to curtail censorship, I can’t help but think about Vinay Gupta’s recent post “Reserving judgement about other people’s revolutions.” Gupta writes, “This is not safe territory. It is not an armchair sport. Please respect the lives of all involved.”The people behind Haystack created it with the best intentions, but may have done more harm than good. I can only encourage those getting involved in this sort of international cyber-activism think through what they’re doing, and try to understand the consequences for the people receiving their help. Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting klint finley A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… As we’ve reported, Libya is facing an Internet crack-down similar to the one faced in Egypt earlier this month. As the organization did for Egyptians, French Data Network is offering free dial-up Internet for Libyans. But, if the Internet is offline, how are Libyans supposed to learn how to connect to the Internet? It turns out landlines are still up, so one group is using faxes to pipe information into the country.last_img read more

Suspended constable dies in custody

first_imgA Manipur Police constable, suspended in connection with the escape of an extremist leader, has allegedly died in custody during questioning.Constable S.M. Manjur Ahmed was one of 10 police and medical personnel suspended after Thokchom Nando Singh of the outlawed Kangleipak Communist Party escaped while undergoing treatment at the Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences in Imphal on March 25.Singh was arrested more than a decade ago for the kidnapping and murder of Lungnila Elizabeth, the eight-year-old daughter of former Minister Francis Ngajokpa in November 2003. “The constable was found dead in custody,” a police officer said, adding that they were trying to ascertain the reason for his death.last_img read more

PH coach confident of chances against Cambodia in men’s U-22 football

first_imgCelebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side NGCP on security risk: Chinese just technical advisers Head coach Marlon Maro said the Philippines have a more potent lineup — compared to winless squad in Singapore SEAG — composed of several club players like Kou Ichi Belgira.But they are up against a motivated Cambodia side whose prime minister reportedly promised them $1,000 each for every won game.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsPosted on the aseanfootball.org, Prime minister Hun Sen was also said to have dangled $10,000 each if they win the gold, $7,500 for silver and $4,000 for bronze.Cambodia’s sponsor Angkor Beer Company reportedly promised $5,000 for a semifinal finish and $8,000 for a gold medal feat. The country needs to score nine points — a win is worth three points — to make the semifinals.“I think it’s doable because if there’s one team to dominate it would be (defending champion) Thailand, the rest will split points,” said Maro.The country’s best performance in the SEAG was bronze in the 1977 SEA Games.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games03:07PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games05:25PH boxing team determined to deliver gold medals for PH03:04Filipino athletes share their expectations for 2019 SEA Games00:45Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games00:36Manny Pacquiao part of 2019 SEA Games opening ceremony MOST READ Despite that, Maro said the Philippines will have a very strong chance of winning in the 8:30 p.m. match.“They beat us 1-0 with the Philippines having a depleted team and Cambodia playing in their home turf,” said Maro.Now, according to Maro, the PH strikers are “healthy, very strong and very excited to play.”However, Games officials didn’t allow the Philippines to train in the evening for “lack of lighted stadium.”“I don’t understand that because they have so many football stadium with flood lights,” said Maro. “But we will still practice in the morning and the afternoon.”ADVERTISEMENT NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul Metta World Peace not closing door on playing in PHcenter_img LATEST STORIES DILG, PNP back suspension of classes during SEA Games Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Photo by Marc Reyes/INQUIRERKUALA LUMPUR — Nine points to the semifinals.That’s the immediate goal of the Philippine men’s under-22 football team here as it embarks against Cambodia Tuesday in the Southeast Asian Games at Selayang Stadium.ADVERTISEMENT Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View commentslast_img read more

India-Pakistan cricket rivalry resumes at Asia Cup 2018

first_imgIndia and Pakistan resume their cricket rivalry when they face-off in the Asia Cup 2018 in Dubai on Wednesday. The two arch-rivals will meet for the first time since the Champions Trophy final in England last year.India and Pakistan do not play bilateral cricket and only meet at multi-nation tournaments organised by the International Cricket Council or Asian Cricket Council.India vs Pakistan Asia Cup 2018: Live ScoreIndia and Pakistan cricket matches are always high-octane and one can expect a full house when they battle it out at the Dubai International Stadium on Wednesday.Virat Kohli’s absence from the tournament has been one of the talking points ahead the marquee clash of the six-nation tournament.Also Read – India have slight edge over Pakistan because of MS Dhoni: MuralitharanKohli has been rested for the Asia Cup after a hectic tour of England where he aggravated his back problem during the Test series.Kohli was one of the brightest stars in an otherwise gloomy Test series for India against England, scoring 593 runs at an average of 59.3 in five matches including two centuries.Kohli’s absence might have taken some sheen off it but the general excitement surrounding three possible India-Pakistan encounters will be the USP of the Asia Cup.Read – Akram, Gavaskar discuss Virat Kohli’s absence from Asia CupWhile there are two assured India-Pakistan matches, one in the group stage and other at the Super Fours stage, the organisers, broadcasters, and the supporters will be hoping for a possible summit showdown on September 28 too.advertisementFor India, it will be a chance to see how the team reacts to pressure situations in absence of Kohli.India started their campaign with an unimpressive victory over Hong Kong.India survived a big scare on Tuesday and registered a nervy 26-run win after Hong Kong nearly pulled off the biggest upset in the tournament at the Dubai International Stadium.Read – Wasim Akram backs India, Sunil Gavaskar backs Pakistan in Asia Cup 2018Chasing 286 for a victory, Hong Kong fought till the very end and put India under pressure for most part of the second innings but the experience of the defending champions helped them prevail in the end.Hong Kong rode on Nizakat Khan and Anshuman Rath’s record opening partnership to put in a brave fight but once the well-set duo departed, they fell behind the asking rate and ended up with 259 for 8 in 50 overs.Today they will face Pakistan, who had registered a comfortable victory over Hong Kong in their first match. Pakistan will be fresh after getting a two-day break for India match.Also Read – Kohli’s absence big relief for Pakistan bowlers: Misbah-ul-HaqIn fact, India are the only side to not get a break between two matches in the group stage of the 50-overs tournament.While Rohit Sharma has been a brilliant white ball player, his leadership skills haven’t been tested against a quality side.He led against Sri Lanka last December but it was a below par opposition. In fact, Bangladesh are a better 50-over side currently.But the focal point would be how India India play a quality Pakistan side that has a world-class fast bowlers in Mohammed Aamir and Hasan Ali, a prolific opener in Fakhar Zaman and talented batsmen such as Babar Azam.India’s main aim would be to settle their middle-order combination and also find a perfect batting position for Mahendra Singh Dhoni, who scored a duck against Hong Kong on Tuesday, during the course of the tournament.SquadsIndia: Rohit Sharma (captain), Shikhar Dhawan, KL Rahul, Ambati Rayudu, Manish Pandey, Kedar Jadhav, MS Dhoni (wk), Hardik Pandya, Bhuvneshwar Kumar, Jasprit Bumrah, Kuldeep Yadav, Yuzvendra Chahal, Shardul Thakur, Dinesh Karthik, Khaleel Ahmed.Pakistan: Sarfraz Ahmed (captain and wk), Fakhar Zaman, Shan Masood, Babar Azam, Harris Sohail, Imam ul Haq, Asif Ali, Shadab Khan, Mohammed Nawaz, Faheem Ashraf, Hasan Ali, Mohammed Amir, Shoaib Malik, Junaid Khan, Usman Khan, Shaheen Afridi.(With inputs from PTI)last_img read more

Spikes to be Placed on Toll road Off Ramps

first_imgSpikes are to be placed on the toll road off ramps, to deter motorists from reversing onto the road.Regulations facilitating the move were approved by the House of Representatives on February 26.A spike is used to impede or stop the movement of wheeled vehicles by puncturing their tyres.Opening the debate, Minister of Transport, Works and Housing, Dr. the Hon. Omar Davies noted that over time, the toll road has become plagued by motorists who, in an effort to avoid the toll fees, reverse onto the slip roads adjoining the toll roads.“This has created great cause for concern due to injuries, damage and fatalities from the collision between these motorists and unsuspecting legitimate users who are exiting the toll road. The last fatality occurred on 22 August 2011,” Dr. Davies said.He added that the police have been trying to stop the practice, but due to resource constraints, are unable to provide the physical presence of an officer at the locations at all times.According to the Regulations, the Toll Road Operator is responsible to retract the device for the use of the road by emergency service providers, and that it is an offence to interfere with, alter, damage, destroy or remove the device. Dr. Davies also said signs would be put in place at strategic locations to advise motorists of the device.“There is no denying the fact that we are dealing with an unruly bunch that seek to break the law, in order to benefit themselves by not having to go through the toll. Measures have to be taken to ensure that the travelling public is not endangered, so we accept that,” said Member of Parliament for North Central St. Andrew, Karl Samuda.Meanwhile, Dr. Davies said the Ministry went through the process of seeking an opinion from the Attorney General’s Chambers.He noted that the Ministry was advised by the Attorney General’s Chambers that the Road Traffic Act and the Toll Road Act have a legal basis on which spikes may be installed on a slip road.The Regulations will now be sent to the Senate for approval.last_img read more