Process found for moral decisions

first_imgPASADENA – Less than a decade ago, most psychologists and neurobiologists assumed there was one moral center of the brain that churned out the judgments by which people lived their lives. But in research published Wednesday in the journal Nature, a team of scientists presented strong evidence that moral decisions are the result of at least two competing processes – one emotionally driven and one more rational. The results could help researchers understand why people make the decisions they do, and perhaps shed light on the roots of criminal behavior, said one of the study’s co-authors, Fiery Cushman, a psychologist at Harvard University. Cushman and his colleagues, who included Caltech neuroscientist Ralph Adolphs, reached their conclusions by comparing normal subjects to those with damage to a front area of the brain called the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, which is involved in emotion. To each group, they posed moral dilemmas in which an emotionally difficult sacrifice was needed to protect the greater good. In one example, Cushman said, they were told of a hypothetical scenario in which a family was hiding from an enemy army that approached just as the youngest child stepped on a nail. If the child cried out, the entire family would be revealed and killed; the only other option would be to smother him. “The question is, would you sacrifice one child for the good of the family?” Cushman said. On average, 50 percent of normal subjects were not able to make the quick choice to sacrifice the child. For the six study subjects with damaged emotional regions in their brain, 80percent could make such a decision. “By removing the capacity to have that kind of kneejerk `Ah! Don’t kill the baby!’ response, you’re allowing them to express more of that rational response,” Cushman said. “This shows that in a sense, morality is accomplished by a competition between these two systems, and that in these guys, in effect, one of the competitors has been knocked out,” he said. The work builds on other recent brain imaging and psychological studies into the source of morality. In 2001, Harvard neuroscientist Joshua Green lead an imaging study that showed that a morally challenging dilemma – whether to push a large man in front of a train to stop it from hitting five others – caused more activity in the emotional side of the brain than a less difficult quandary. A separate study at Northwestern University later showed that manipulating subjects’ emotions by having them watch a funny “Saturday Night Live” skit made them more likely to make the utilitarian moral judgment that would protect the greater good. But these latest results, said Green, who was not involved in the study, are “the most compelling demonstration yet.” elise.kleeman@sgvn.com (626) 578-6300, Ext. 4451160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img

Parra exits early with injury, Giants give up five-run lead in loss to Padres

first_imgClick here if you’re unable to view the gallery on your mobile device.SAN FRANCISCO–For nearly 90 minutes on Monday night, the Giants gave fans every reason to believe better days lie ahead.Ace Madison Bumgarner recorded four hitless innings against a tough San Diego Padres lineup. New first baseman Tyler Austin reached base twice, including once with a single to start a five-run fourth inning rally. Recently acquired center fielder Kevin Pillar made a loud statement, launching a soaring …last_img read more

Rain slows harvest efforts Between the Rows

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest AJ Baltes, Mahoning Co.We got about 200 acres of beans off and about 150 acres of wheat planted. We also ran about 100 acres of corn. We still have quite a ways to go but we got started. We finished up planting wheat on Oct. 19 and we planted it all on the 17th 18th and 19th.The beans started out pretty good at 12% or 13% moisture but this last week the air never dried out. We didn’t get the sun and they were running around 16%.The yields have been decent for what these crops went through. The beans are averaging from the mid 40s to around 50 bushels. The corn is running around 175 bushels and the moisture is running around 20% and 25% moisture. If we found any fields with mold or anything in them we were taking those off first. For the most part grain quality has been pretty good. We didn’t get docked for anything we had so it hasn’t been too bad. The only corn I have seen going down was corn that I think was supposed to be silage corn.We got about 3 to 3.5 inches of rain this weekend. There was a strip up through here that got quite a bit. We either need a really long dry spell or it is going to have to freeze. It looks like it will be almost 60 tomorrow and rain on and off for the next 10 days.Most guys still have a decent amount out yet. There are a lot of beans still out, especially to the north. There is more corn off around here but still quite a bit in the fields. We have to just wait now. We are no-till and we don’t want to cut anything up. I quit looking at the weather.Friday afternoon it started raining. We were spreading fertilizer on the wheat ground and we didn’t get that done and it rained off and on all weekend. There is not much we can do now. There are guys who haven’t been able to get manure hauled either because they haven’t been able to get out.There was not a lot of standing water in the wheat yet when I looked. Some of it hasn’t even sprouted yet. We have a lot of people buying straw right now for their dogs because it is starting to get cold, so at least we have something to do.For the rest of this week’s reports, click here.last_img read more

Tick tock… — Times Up (GC161PW) — Geocache of the Week

first_imgUh oh…did you bring any quarters? Photo courtesy of Tallahassee-LassieGeocache Name:Times Up (GC161PW)Difficulty/Terrain Rating:1.5/2.5Why this is the Geocache of the Week:Geocaches come in all shapes and sizes. One of my favorite parts of geocaching is discovering the creativity that cache hiders use to take seemingly ordinary objects and morph them into geocaches. From birdhouses to phone booths, the possibilities are nearly endless. In this instance, one geocacher took the downtown bane of my existence and turned it into something I’d be delighted to see. Hopefully they disabled the actual metering functionality, otherwise I hope your geocaching pack contains quite a bit of change.# of Finds:213# of Favorite Points:33What geocachers are saying:“One of my favorites! This was such a cool cache. It was also our final find to get the Tallahassee Parks and Recreation Geocoin! What a way to complete our quest! It’s not over, though, because there will always be more caches to find. Thanks for the fun! ” — Nelson BoneDogz“WOW!!!!! What a cache! Signed log, replaced as found and called it a day!” — dogcop1us“This was an awesome adventure! Without fully reading the description, others’ logs, or the hint, we jogged here and climbed down into the creek. Taking in the surroundings we immediately noticed an object that was out of place and had to climb up to explore more! TFTH!” — R3DH3ADSWhat one of the the Geocaching Liaisons for the City of Tallahassee Parks, Recreation & Neighborhood Affairs, Tallahassee-Lassie, has to say:“While geocaching was not new to the area, two PRNA employees were instrumental in getting the City to add geocaching to the Parks program back in March 2007.  Bob (Creekhunter) & Vernon (HBunch-Tallahassee) were extremely clever in their containers and hides…In 2009 I was meeting with the then Superintendent of Parks (he’s now retired) about hosting a CITO for one of the parks.  In our discussion I told him the local geocachers group, Tallahassee Area Geocachers aka TAG, would be happy to help out maintaining the caches.  He immediately said yes and our collaboration took off…When I report to the City about the positive logs and how far people have traveled to find the caches, they are very proud and extremely positive.  I enjoy working with them.  I will be retiring in a year & look forward to having more time to volunteer.”Photos:Oh good, no ticket for us! Photo courtesy of Tallahassee-LassieWalking up to this in the middle of the woods may be a bit confusing. Photo courtesy of Tallahassee-LassieCan you see it? Photo courtesy of Tallahassee-Lassie SharePrint RelatedAnother one down the drain. – A Crappy Cache (GC35T4T) – Geocache of the WeekFebruary 26, 2015In “Geocache of the Week”Klaatu Barada Nikto! — Aliens Among Us (GC1N0B9) — Geocache of the WeekMarch 12, 2014In “Community”Love is in the air. And locked to a gate. — Love Lock Eeuwige Liefde !?! (GC41QJY) — Geocache of the WeekFebruary 12, 2014In “Community” This geocache features a repurposed parking meter for a container. What’s your favorite repurposed container you’ve ever found or hidden? Tell us in the comments.Continue to explore some of the most engaging geocaches around the globe. Check out all the Geocaches of the Week on the Geocaching blog.If you would like to nominate a Geocache of the Week, leave a comment below with the name of the geocache, the GC code, and why you think we should feature it.Share with your Friends:Morelast_img read more

What Makes a Good Life? Lessons from the longest study on happiness

first_imgQuality relationships protect our bodies and our brains: This study found that individuals who were in a securely attached relationship in their 80s maintained sharper memories longer than those who were not in a relationship. Our relationships, protect our brain and maintain our brain’s cognitive functioning. Social connections are really good for us: The more social connections one has, the happier, healthier, and longer that individual will live. These connections can be with family, friends, or community. If you would like to know how to apply these lessons to your life, regardless of age, check out this TedTalk, or you can even read about the study here. Robert Waldinger is now the director of this study, which is in its second generation.ReferencesWaldinger, R. (2015, November). Robert Waldinger: What Makes a Good Life? Lessons from the longest study on happiness [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/robert_waldinger_what_makes_a_good_life_lessons_from_the_longest_study_on_happinessThis post was written by  Caitlyn Brown of the  MFLN Family Development Team. The Family Development team aims to support the development of professionals working with military families.  Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network Family Development team on our website, Facebook, and Twitter. The quality of relationships is greater than the quantity: The number of social connections matters much less than the quality of those connections. Having poor or conflict-ridden relationships significantly impacts physical health and mental well-being. By: Caitlyn Brownpixabay[smile by bosco_lee1310, November 17, 2016. CCO]As human beings, we are often striving to reach our potential and the best version of ourselves. This can be reflected in a variety of settings: career, family, relationships, hobbies, sports, positions etc. Unfortunately, it is all too easy and common to slack in other areas of our lives as we pursue the next big thing in our lives or focus on our future only to realize, often too late, that our experiences throughout life may not have quite added up to our idea of a good life. What kind of wisdom will we pass on to our children about what it means to live a good life?This TedTalk by Robert Waldinger describes a study that began in 1938 and followed the lives of 724 men from their adolescence to their death. The Harvard Study of Adult Development is one of the longest studies of adult life which follows two groups of men: men who attended Harvard and boys in the lower socioeconomic group/disadvantaged families in Boston. Each participant was medically examined, interviewed in their homes and had their families also interviewed. Every two years, the participants would answer another set of questions about their lives, complete a face-to-face interview, and a multitude of other data submissions. The main conclusion of this 75-year study is this: Good relationships keep us happier and healthier.This study found that the impact of relationships on our happiness and health is broken down into three main lessons:last_img read more

Four labourer buried alive while repairing tunnel in Rajasthan

first_imgFour labourers, repairing a tunnel in Rajasthan’s Sirohi district, died after being buried alive under debris, the police said on Saturday.The victims were trapped under the debris on Friday which fell due to vibrations generated by a poclain machine at the site on Beawar-Pindwara national highway, they said.The family members of the deceased, identified as Devi Singh, 32, Uttam Kumar, 23, Mahendra Kumar Meena, 27, and Mahendra Hiragar, 30, have refused to accept the bodies till they are provided compensation by the private firm which was carrying out the repair work, Sirohi collector Babu Lal Meena said.The bodies have been kept at a mortuary. The State government has announced ex-gratia for the kin of the deceased. A case has been registered against the company and the driver of the poclain machine, the police said.last_img read more