The nature and meaning of sport

first_imgSport is about a range of specific activities which involves competition and requires physical conditioning and skills. A good way to define it would be to say, “It is a structured physical activity, usually competitive, that requires complex skills and a high level of individual commitment and motivation”. Let’s look at what this mean: · Structured physical activity-structured means it is organised. All sports have governing bodies that set rules and arrange events. It also requires physical preparation to some extent. · Competitive-all sport have a competitive element, either between individual and team. · Requires complex skills-skills have to be learned for an individual to become a performer. Basic skills have to be learned first, which are later developed into more complex skills. · High level of individual commitment and motivation – top athletes get to where they are by training for long hours for many years and often have to make sacrifices. This of course leads to rewards, such as winning, a sense of achievement, prize money or wages, which make all the hard work worthwhile. Throughout history, sport has played a variety of important function in society: as a form of recreation, as a preparation for war or the hunt; or later as a substitute for war. Some sports such as wrestling, date back thousands of years, others have arisen and being adapted from other activities. Today there are hundreds of different sports and the job of defining what a sport becomes very difficult. However, a number of characteristics that are shared by all sports can be identified. Common Features of Sport Most of the world’s sports contain the following features: · Competition between individual or team · Physical activity · Winners and losers ( in some sports you can have a draw) · Rules to ensure fair competition · A special place to play ( e.g., a pitch, court, or ring) · Special equipment There have been many attempts to divide sport into groups. Let’s examine a few: · Game – in this group of sports, you win by out-thinking your opponents, dominating territory, and scoring in some way,( coincidence, anticipation, avoidance),e.g. Soccer, Hockey, Badminton etc. · Gymnastic – in this group of sports, you win by producing movements which are performed as perfectly as possible when compared to a pre-set standard (movement replication), which are marked by judges, e.g. gymnastics, trampolining, etc. · Athletic – in this group of sport you win by producing more power than your opponents (power optimisation), e.g. running, jumping, weightlifting, etc. Specific sports in each of the three types can be analysed by investigating their: · Structure ( rules and organisation) · Strategies ( plans made to win) · Techniques · Physical demands of the sport (fitness, energy systems, etc.) · Psychological demands of the sport (skill, anxiety control, goal setting etc.) Sport can provide the basis for a lifelong participation in regular exercise, and the development of mental and moral qualities, including team spirit, sportsmanship, self-discipline, cooperation, commitment, and competing within a framework of agreed rules. Sport can help channel people’s energy and aggression in a controlled and constructive way. The relationship between PE and sport Physical Education (PE) and sport are closely linked. Whilst Physical Education is a part of the process of education that aims to improve human development and performance through physical activity and Sport is about a range of structured physical activities, the two shared close relationship.  Physical education curriculum places great emphasis on sport and team games, in an effort to raise the importance of these in school life. Both are concerned with physical performance and through them health benefits can be gained; there is the opportunity to push oneself physically and discover strengths and weaknesses about oneself when given challenges or competition. However, there are also differences that set the two apart. Physical education is about the development of the individual, whereas sport is about the development of excellence. Sport is often about winning and success while PE is concerned with preparation for leisure and a healthy lifestyle. Most of our great professional sportsmen and women began their development in physical education classes. – Send questions and queries to: jenelbro119@hotmail.comlast_img read more

Parks added to Gilas’ Jones Cup roster

first_imgDuterte’s ‘soft heart’ could save ABS-CBN, says election lawyer Parks, who is also included in the team’s Southeast Asian Games lineup, saw a lot of minutes during Gilas’ tune-up games against PBA teams the past week and on Wednesday, team manager Butch Antonio confirmed the versatile guard was indeed added to the roster.The 6-foot-4 Parks, however, said he has yet to informed whether or not he’s part of the “exact lineup.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSEnd of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legendSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’“He (Reyes) talked to me about it. He just wants to bring me along and see how everything goes. We’ve been showing up in practice, so he just wants to keep this core group together,” Parks said. “I have to wait for comment if I’ll be in the exact lineup playing in the Jones Cup, but for sure I’m going on the trip.”“I can’t say much about it. It’s really up to him. I’ll wait for his final word.” Missile-capable frigate BRP Jose Rizal inches closer to entering PH Navy’s fleet View comments LATEST STORIES LIVE: Sinulog 2020 Grand Parade 787 earthquakes recorded in 24 hours due to restive Taal Volcano IT happens: Facebook sorry for Xi Jinping’s name mistranslation Malacañang open to creating Taal Commission Perlas embracing tough challenge at Fiba Asia Women’s Cupcenter_img Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netGilas Pilipinas will be parading a 17-man roster for the Jones Cup in Taipei with Ray Parks as a late addition to the team.Initially, the 24-year-old Parks wasn’t part of the lineup bound for Taipei announced by national team coach Chot Reyes last week.ADVERTISEMENT End of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legend MOST READ Marcosian mode: Duterte threatens to arrest water execs ‘one night’ Duterte’s ‘soft heart’ could save ABS-CBN, says election lawyer Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks PLAY LIST 01:40Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks01:32Taal Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respitelast_img read more