Border Cave opens for visitors

first_img15 January 2004An overnight camp for hikers and archaeology enthusiasts is being built at Border Cave, a Middle Stone Age site in the Lebombo Mountains in northern KwaZulu-Natal with spectacular views over Swaziland.Already in place is an interpretive centre featuring dioramas and models that tell the story of pre-historic human existence at the cave, as well as of archaeological excavations since the 1930s.A self-catering camp consisting of two thatched rondavels (huts), built from locally quarried stone, is due to open in March. One- and two-day hiking routes in the rugged mountain landscape have been mapped out for visitors.The camp will be operated by the local Mngomezulu community, who will also guide visitors to the cave – which overlooks a 500-metre sheer drop into Swaziland – for a modest fee.The first known inhabitants of the “Elephant Coast” took residence in the Border Cave, a large overhang in the remote Ingwavuma district, some 200 000 years ago.Some of the oldest evidence setting human evolution in Africa apart from that of Europe has been found at the Cave, where anatomically modern Homo sapiens remains have been discovered and over a million stone artefacts excavated.Analysis of some of the stone tools has helped scientists to date the introduction of tools crafted into blades and points.In 1942 the Cave yielded the remains of infant, dating back about 100 000 years, buried in a grave with a shell ornament and red stain suggesting that the body had been painted – pointing to a people capable of abstract and symbolic thought who probably communicated in a fairly complex language.If concern with life after death is taken as a sign of religion, then this is also the oldest record of religion on earth.Also discovered in the cave was the Lebombo Bone, the oldest known artefact linked to the basic mathematical activity of counting. Dated to 35 000 BC, the Lebombo Bone is a small piece of baboon fibula which has been carved with 29 notches, resembling the calendar sticks still used by San people in Namibia.Animal bones found at the cave indicate that these prehistoric inhabitants lived on bushpig, warthog, zebra and buffalo.The camp and centre are a project of Amafa/Heritage KwaZulu-Natal, with financial assistance from Tourism KZN.Source: Tourism KZNlast_img read more

Lift & Extract in Premiere Pro: Moving Clips

first_imgThe useful thing about this is the exact portion you wanted from the original ‘camera sequence’ is now on your clipboard and ready for you to paste it into your main sequence.At this point you may get a little worried that while it will paste in, it will overwrite whatever is present in your master sequence.  You may feel the need to do an INSERT edit rather than an OVERWRITE edit.Instead of just doing the normal shortcut for paste (on a Mac it’s Command and V, on a PC it’s Control and V), simply add a SHIFT to the combination and you will end up with an insert edit of the clips you lifted or extracted from your camera sequence.  This will push the existing footage down the timeline to make room for the copied clips.SHIFT + CNT/CMD + V = Insert Edit of All Clips From the ClipboardUse Lift & Extract in Premiere Pro to move portions of the clips you want into a new timeline with ease. Getting the right portions of selected clips from one sequence to another is simple in Premiere Pro using the ‘Lift’ & ‘Extract’ options.  Here’s how to use this timesaving tool.Sometimes it’s useful to seperate cameras into sequences of their own to simply the editing process.  You may want to put all the media clips from one camera end-to-end in a single sequence and call it “Camera 1”.  Of course, this may result in multiple sequences each representing different cameras.The question then is how to grab footage from each of these sequences and bring them into a master sequence for the main edit.  You could select clips and cut/paste them into the master sequence, but more often than not you don’t want whole clips.  Instead, what you need is select portions of clips.You could nest each of these sequences into the main sequence, but this is a very difficult way of working and not recommended.This is where the “Lift and Extract” option comes into play in Premiere Pro.  In this post, we’ll take a look at how to use Lift and Extract, a quick way of moving portions of clips around from one sequence to another.  Before we start, it’s worth noting that some people don’t like to have a work area bar and a time ruler in the sequence/timeline window and just like to work with IN and OUT points. Did you know you can turn both of them off in Premiere Pro CS6? Just go to the panel menu and un-check these options.Options to Un-Check to De-Clutter TimelineThe end result is that your timeline looks like this (you don’t have to do it, but it certainly leads to a cleaner looking timeline):After Un-Checking OptionsNow, it’s just a case of going through your footage with the sequence selected and choosing IN (shortcut is i) and OUT (shortcut is o) points in the TIMELINE of the ‘camera’ sequences.  This can include as much or as little of the clips as you’d like, and doesn’t have to be complete clips.IN and OUT Point Selected In The TimelineIn Premiere Pro, the ‘Lift’ & ‘Extract’ buttons are found here in the Program Monitor:LIFT & EXTRACT Buttons in the Program MonitorLIFT (keyboard shortcut is ; ) will copy the clip to your clipboard and remove the selected portion from the timeline, leaving a hole in the timeline shown below:LIFTWhereas EXTRACT (keyboard shortcut is #) will copy the clip to your clipboard, remove the selected portion from the timeline AND close up the resulting hole as shown below:EXTRACT (with gap closed)last_img read more

Sand mafia beats Sarpanch to death in Rajasthan

first_imgThe ban imposed on ‘bajri’ (riverbed sand) mining in Rajasthan took an ugly turn with the sand mafia allegedly beating a 50-year-old sarpanch to death in Sawai Madhopur district on Thursday. Raghuveer Singh Meena, sarpanch of Hathdoli village, was killed when he went to the Bouli area to check loading of sand illegally dug out of the Banas river.His body was cremated in his native village on Friday. Police registered a case of murder against 21 persons, including nine accused. People involved in illegal sand mining, armed with sticks and stones, attacked Mr. Meena, who was accompanied by a team of Mining Department and a few policemen. The accused hurled stones on the officials when they entered the land in Hindpura village and forced them to retreat. ‘Bled to death’In the melee, Mr. Meena was injured by a stone and fell on the ground. The assailants fled and a profusely bleeding Sarpanch was rushed to a hospital in Sawai Madhopur. He was later referred to Jaipur, but he succumbed to his injuries.last_img read more

CPI(M) allies against pact with Congress

first_imgThe constituents of the Left Front are going to turn on the heat on the Communist Party of India (Marxist) during a meeting scheduled on Friday to decide on its alliance with the Congress. Senior leaders of three major constituents of the Left Front — All India Forward Bloc (AIFB), Revolutionary Socialist Party ( RSP) and Communist Party of India (CPI) — told The Hindu that they are going to raise strong objections on the ongoing talks on electoral understanding with Congress. “We will not have any alliance with the Congress. The AIFB will contest three Lok Sabha seats and on the remaining seats with support CPI(M) and other allies,” Naren Chatterjee, State secretary of AIFB, said. RSP general secretary Kshiti Goswami said: “The CPI(M) has no right to force the alliance with the Congress on the Left Front. We have all seen the result when the Left and Congress came together in the 2016 Assembly polls.”last_img read more