The nature and meaning of sport

first_imgSport is about a range of specific activities which involves competition and requires physical conditioning and skills. A good way to define it would be to say, “It is a structured physical activity, usually competitive, that requires complex skills and a high level of individual commitment and motivation”. Let’s look at what this mean: · Structured physical activity-structured means it is organised. All sports have governing bodies that set rules and arrange events. It also requires physical preparation to some extent. · Competitive-all sport have a competitive element, either between individual and team. · Requires complex skills-skills have to be learned for an individual to become a performer. Basic skills have to be learned first, which are later developed into more complex skills. · High level of individual commitment and motivation – top athletes get to where they are by training for long hours for many years and often have to make sacrifices. This of course leads to rewards, such as winning, a sense of achievement, prize money or wages, which make all the hard work worthwhile. Throughout history, sport has played a variety of important function in society: as a form of recreation, as a preparation for war or the hunt; or later as a substitute for war. Some sports such as wrestling, date back thousands of years, others have arisen and being adapted from other activities. Today there are hundreds of different sports and the job of defining what a sport becomes very difficult. However, a number of characteristics that are shared by all sports can be identified. Common Features of Sport Most of the world’s sports contain the following features: · Competition between individual or team · Physical activity · Winners and losers ( in some sports you can have a draw) · Rules to ensure fair competition · A special place to play ( e.g., a pitch, court, or ring) · Special equipment There have been many attempts to divide sport into groups. Let’s examine a few: · Game – in this group of sports, you win by out-thinking your opponents, dominating territory, and scoring in some way,( coincidence, anticipation, avoidance),e.g. Soccer, Hockey, Badminton etc. · Gymnastic – in this group of sports, you win by producing movements which are performed as perfectly as possible when compared to a pre-set standard (movement replication), which are marked by judges, e.g. gymnastics, trampolining, etc. · Athletic – in this group of sport you win by producing more power than your opponents (power optimisation), e.g. running, jumping, weightlifting, etc. Specific sports in each of the three types can be analysed by investigating their: · Structure ( rules and organisation) · Strategies ( plans made to win) · Techniques · Physical demands of the sport (fitness, energy systems, etc.) · Psychological demands of the sport (skill, anxiety control, goal setting etc.) Sport can provide the basis for a lifelong participation in regular exercise, and the development of mental and moral qualities, including team spirit, sportsmanship, self-discipline, cooperation, commitment, and competing within a framework of agreed rules. Sport can help channel people’s energy and aggression in a controlled and constructive way. The relationship between PE and sport Physical Education (PE) and sport are closely linked. Whilst Physical Education is a part of the process of education that aims to improve human development and performance through physical activity and Sport is about a range of structured physical activities, the two shared close relationship.  Physical education curriculum places great emphasis on sport and team games, in an effort to raise the importance of these in school life. Both are concerned with physical performance and through them health benefits can be gained; there is the opportunity to push oneself physically and discover strengths and weaknesses about oneself when given challenges or competition. However, there are also differences that set the two apart. Physical education is about the development of the individual, whereas sport is about the development of excellence. Sport is often about winning and success while PE is concerned with preparation for leisure and a healthy lifestyle. Most of our great professional sportsmen and women began their development in physical education classes. – Send questions and queries to: jenelbro119@hotmail.comlast_img read more

US, Canada meet in early Olympic showdown among world’s best

first_imgOSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ’a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Nonito Donaire vs Naoya Inoue is BWAA 2019 Fight of the Year For now, the Canadians and Americans know millions will be watching a game scheduled for just after noon in South Korea to allow North Americans the chance to watch some late night hockey on Valentine’s Day.Canada forward Jillian Saulnier said they try to represent the best of women’s hockey anytime they step on the ice. The Olympics only raises the stakes.“The world is watching, so for us it’s just a time to showcase our talents and skills so to be able to play against some of the best players in the world,” Saulnier said. “And some of those are on the U.S. as well, so it’s an exciting time for us.”These teams know each other very well thanks to a pre-Olympic exhibition schedule of eight games that included the Four Nations Cup. The United States won three of the first four, including two to win the Four Nations Cup title. But Canada won the final four games in December with two each in Canada and in the United States.Canada captain Marie-Philip Poulin, who scored the tying and game-winning goals in the gold medal game in Sochi, noted they haven’t played since Canada finalized its Olympic roster.ADVERTISEMENT Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next SEA Games: Philippines thumps Malaysia in ice hockey opener PLAY LIST 01:44SEA Games: Philippines thumps Malaysia in ice hockey opener01:24Tsukii seizes kumite Gold, focuses on making Olympics next00:50Trending Articles02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award View comments Meralco stays alive, barely survives Phoenix Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ Almazan vows to comeback stronger after finals heartbreak Newsome sets focus on helping Bolts open new PBA season on right trackcenter_img “So obviously it’s going to be a big change for both of the teams,” Poulin said. “So excited to play. It doesn’t matter what happened before.”Even though the United States won the inaugural gold at the 1998 Nagano Games when women’s hockey debuted at the Olympics, Canada has won each of the past four, and the Canadians are in South Korea looking to add the only medal their country expects when playing the sport they created.United States defenseman Kacey Bellamy is playing in her third Olympics and called U.S.-Canada a “great rivalry.”“Honestly, it’s exciting anytime we play them,” Bellamy said. “We’re going to give 100 percent. We have a lot of respect for each other. Once we hit the ice, it’s going to be a fun game. It’s going to be fast, and we’re excited.”Canada stands at the top of Group A, despite both teams being 2-0, thanks to having scored one more goal (nine) than the Americans (eight). Both teams have allowed one goal apiece — both to Finland. Canada beat Finland by 4-1 compared to the Americans’ 3-1 win to open preliminary play.The Americans canceled practice Wednesday after beating the Russians 5-0 late Tuesday night. The Canadians practiced after their win over Finland.U.S. coach Robb Stauber has tried to keep his players focused on only one opponent at a time, trying to ignore the inevitable game with Canada until a day away.“We know we have the next game,” Stauber said. “We know that opponent very well.” Only gold will do for the United States at the Pyeongchang Games with the Americans mired in a 20-year title drought. And this will be the first time the Americans have played their biggest rival in the Olympics since Canada stunned the United States by rallying from a 2-0 deficit to win gold at the 2014 Sochi Games with a 3-2 overtime victory.Yes, the Americans have been waiting for this moment since the final horn blew in 2014.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folk“We’ve been preparing for this tournament for four years,” said Jocelyne Lamoureux-Davidson, a three-time Olympian. “The first two games we’re pretty happy with how they went. Definitely some things we can continue to get better at, but hopefully build on each and every game and be at our best when it matters.”That game is Feb. 22 when the gold medal will be up for grabs. OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ’a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours LATEST STORIES Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Players from Canada celebrate after the preliminary round of the women’s hockey game against Finland at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Gangneung, South Korea, Tuesday, Feb. 13, 2018. Canada won 4-1. (AP Photo/Matt Slocum)GANGNEUNG, South Korea — Much more than bragging rights are on the line anytime the Americans and Canadians meet, and the Olympics offers the opportunity to showcase just how good the best in women’s hockey really are these days.No medal will be on the line Thursday. Just the top spot in the best group in pool play along with the choice of jersey color and benches for the next time they play — ideally the gold medal game.ADVERTISEMENT Michael Porter Jr. stays patient as playing time increaseslast_img read more