Is Trial by Jury a Judicial Obstruction?

first_imgGiven the history of jury performance in Liberia in both the distant and recent past, the answer to this question is, it would seem, a resounding “Yes!”All too often the state has lost major cases because wealthy defendants—or their lawyers, or both—have “taken care of the jury,” leaving the Ministry of Justice or lawyers for the prosecution looking incompetent or clownish (ignorant). The most recent example of this was the suspension by the Supreme Court last Monday of further proceedings in the ongoing economic sabotage case involving the former Managing Director of the National Port Authority (NPA), Matilda Parker, and her Comptroller, Madam Christiana Kpabar Paelay. The High Court’s decision was issued by Justice Jamesetta Wolokollie based on a complaint filed by state lawyers. They asked the High Court to mandate Judge Blamo Dixon of Criminal Court ‘C’ to deliver his recent ruling in a jury tampering investigation for review.Judge Dixon last week in his jury tampering allegation refused to disband the sequestrated jury, but dropped only three of the 15-member panel—Kissi Kamara, Kebbeh Kollie and Melvin Teah Neowen—all of whom prosecutors accused of being behind a plot, exposed through a certain letter allegedly involving them, to collect money from the defendants to influence the outcome of the trial. The judge also ignored the prosecution’s plea to disband the entire panel, but ordered the remaining 12 jurors to sit on the case because, according to him, the letter did not reach them.Madam Justice Wolokollie has meanwhile instructed defendants Parker and Paelay to appear before her today, Monday, February 29.The matter is further complicated by Judge Dixon’s removal of Kissi Kamara, whose mother, Jenneh Kamara, was the person currently cooking for the jury and is said also to be implicated in the jury tampering allegation. So prosecution wondered why she, too, was not removed, but only her son. Prosecution further complained that the letter bearing the names of two of the three jurors, Kollie and Neowen, and an unnamed other were seized from Bailiffs Bendu Dukuly and Roland Nyanku, assigned with the sequestered jurors.During the investigation, it was alleged that one Peter Wisdom Fayiah, believed to be the assistant manager of the Jury Management Team, was the person who gave the letter to the two bailiffs for delivery to the panel.Prosecution further complains that the judge failed to take any action against Peter Fayiah, nor did Judge Dixon honor prosecution’s request to allow them to look at the Temple of Justice personnel list to verify whether the signature on the back of the letter resembled that of Fayiah’s.We commend the High Court for its timely action. We submit that the officials of the Supreme Court could not sit idly by, supinely witnessing such a serious allegation of jury tampering in such a high profile case—or any other case—without exercising its authority to protect the integrity of the judicial system.While we await the outcome of the investigation into the alleged involvement of the bailiffs and jurors in this case, we are constrained to revisit the constitutional principle of trial by jury. The Constitution calls for all persons being prosecuted for crime to be tried by their peers, meaning a jury constituted by the court. This is deemed a constitutional right by all party litigants in criminal trials. But who are these so-called “peers” that the Constitution talks about? Are they peers of individuals who happen to be, for one reason or the other, rightly or wrongly, accused of being in violation of the law? Or are they those who believe that the quickest way to wealth and prosperity is through their selection and appointment as jurors, waiting to seize any and every opportunity to extort money from party litigants in the deliberate, devious, corrupt and unpatriotic attempt to circumvent, frustrate and undermine the cause of justice? We trust that this latest intervention by the High Court will ensure a thorough and complete investigation into jury tampering. Where did the letter come from? How did it reach Peter Fayiah? As an employee of the Jury Management Team, a body that was created to help protect the integrity and smooth functioning of juries, how was it possible for him to receive any letter directed to the jury without the Judge’s knowledge? The recipient of such a letter should have been where the buck immediately stopped, for he should have known that it was grossly improper, even criminal, for anyone for any reason whatsoever even to attempt approaching or contacting a sequestered jury.The public is eagerly awaiting the outcome of the investigation to determine whether in truth yet again the jury in Liberia is nothing more than an obstruction of justice.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Hoopa halts Ferndale, keeps pace with Arcata

first_imgWith both an 85-yard kick return touchdown by William Reynolds and a 35-yard interception return for a touchdown by Kimit Peters, the Hoopa Valley Warriors shutout the Ferndale Wildcats 32-0 in what was a pivotal Little 4 Conference game, Saturday afternoon at Coach Carlson Wildcat Field.With Saturday’s win Hoopa improves to 3-1 in the Little 4 and 5-3 overall. At 3-1 in league, Hoopa remains tied with Arcata a top the Little 4 standings with two games remaining.With Saturday’s loss Ferndale …last_img read more

This Bug Is Whiter than White, Brighter than Bright

first_imgDetergent manufacturers should get a load of this beetle.  Cyphochilus, a resident of southeast Asia, is clothed in one of the brightest white surfaces (per unit thickness) known.  British scientists reporting in Science1  were intrigued how the bug accomplishes this shining performance.  Most bright-white surfaces, such as paint and paper, need a hundred times the thickness to achieve such brilliance.    Some insects and birds are able to intensify particular colors using photonic crystals, which are regularly-spaced pits or shapes on scales or wings (see 01/29/2003, 10/13/2003).  The microscopic geometric patterns serve to add up particular wavelengths and cancel others.  White light, though, requires a high degree of scattering across the spectrum.  The scientists found that the 5-micron thick scales of Cyphochilus contain “a random network of interconnecting cuticular filaments with diameters of about 250 nm.”    Imitating this trick may lead to several applications.  Brighter paints and paper could be in our beetle-inspired future, and maybe even whiter teeth.  See also the articles on Live Science, BBC News and University of Exeter.1Pete Vukusic, Benny Hallam, and Joe Noyes, “Brilliant Whiteness in Ultrathin Beetle Scales,” Science, 19 January 2007: Vol. 315. no. 5810, p. 348, DOI: 10.1126/science.1134666.Good science can discover, understand, and imitate the natural world without any need for evolutionary storytelling.  That’s another reason why biomimetics can provide a nonsectarian, nonphilosophical escape hatch for disillusioned Darwinists.  The authors did not need to mention evolution.  Intelligent design was not mentioned either, but was implicit.(Visited 71 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Taking youth empowerment abroad

first_imgRay Maota Young people from disadvantaged rural communities in the North West province, including graduates who are unemployed, will be placed in internship programmes in the hospitality and tourism sector in several countries around the world.(Image: Hospitality Solutions) MEC for Economic Development, Environment, Conservation and Tourism, Motlalepula Rosho, said that the development of human capital through the programme is going to benefit public owned tourism assets like game lodges, and will also position South Africa to be in the top 20 tourism destination markets.(Image: North West Provincial Gorvenment)MEDIA CONTACTS• Lesiba Moses KgweleNorth West Provincial Government:Head of  Communication andSpokesperson+ 27 18 388 3705RELATED ARTICLES• Taking hospitality to new heights• Survey: SA is ‘extremely friendly’• Chef-training scheme kicks off• Chefs gather to help the hungryA leading NGO has come up with a plan that looks beyond South Africa’s borders for opportunities to help curb youth unemployment. The Ubuntu International Job Placement Programme was launched in Mahikeng, North West province, on 22 June 2012.Young people from disadvantaged rural communities in the province, including graduates who are unemployed, will be placed in internship programmes in the hospitality and tourism sector in several countries around the world. This is being made possible by the Ubuntu Institute.The institute is a social enterprise with non- and for-profit divisions within its structures. It was founded in the US in 2005 by Prince Cedza Dlamini, a member of the Swazi royal family who became a Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) spokesperson after completing his degree in international relations at Tufts University in Boston, Massachusetts.How the programme worksThrough the programme, participants will have access to work experience of between six and 12 months, which will be facilitated by Ubuntu with the support of the provincial government. By 2015, the target year for countries to reach some of the MDGs, as many as 5 000 participants will have gone through the programme.To kick-start the project, Ubuntu will place 200 participants, who will earn about R20 000 (US$2 403) a month, and by June 2013 another 800 beneficiaries will make it 1 000 in the project’s first year.“This is a unique programme facilitating international jobs and graduate skills development programmes in the US, Canada, Europe and Asia,” said MEC for Economic Development, Environment, Conservation and Tourism, Motlalepula Rosho, who delivered the keynote address on behalf of Premier Thandi Modise.“The development of human capital through the programme is going to benefit public owned tourism assets like game lodges, and will also position South Africa to be in the top 20 tourism destination markets,” said Dlamini.The programme is being funded by the Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA) Jobs Fund at a cost of R46-million ($5.532-million) over its three-year life span. Other partners include the National Department of Tourism, Federated Hospitality Association of Southern Africa and the South African Graduates Development Association of South Africa.Part of the mandate of the DBSA is to invite innovative ideas for job creation from organisations across South Africa, be they in the public, private or NGO sectors.The programme also aims to assist government’s target of providing five-million jobs by facilitating workplace job placement for candidates when they return to the country at the end of their international exposure programme.Economic Development Minister Ebrahim Patel released the New Growth Path in 2010 which set job creation as a country priority, aimed at reducing unemployment by 10% by 2020 and creating at least five-million jobs.“The success and sustainability of the programme depend largely on the ability of government owned entities like Dirapeng Investment Holding and Mafikeng Hotel School to ensure that young people who participate in it are fully employed when they complete the placement training,” said Rosho.Tourism the key driver of economic growthRosho said the tourism sector is widely regarded as a key driver of economic growth, job creation, poverty alleviation and community upliftment.South Africa was recently represented by Deputy Tourism Minister Tokozile Xasa at the International Responsible Tourism Conference in London.Responsible tourism is an approach to tourism management aimed at maximising the economic, social and environmental benefits while minimising the costs to destinations.Xasa said at the event that South African tourism will continue to grow and play a key role in the country’s economy through a stronger focus on emerging markets and responsible tourism. She also said sector strategy is aimed at making South Africa one of the top 20 destinations in the world by 2020.In terms of the strategy, South Africa aims to create 225 000 new jobs by 2020 while increasing tourism’s contribution to the economy from R189-billion ($2.272-billion) in 2009 to R318-billion ($3.822-billion) by 2015 and R499-billion ($5.996-billion) by 2020.“The youth employment problem in South Africa has created a renewed sense of urgency for action, and developing opportunities in tourism could be one of the solutions,” said Xasa.last_img read more

Praise for South Africa’s hosting of Chan

first_img6 February 2014 The Confederation of African Football has commended South Africa for its hosting of the third edition of the African Nations Championship (Chan), the CEO of the local organising committee, Mvuzo Mbebe, said on Wednesday. “We could not have asked for a better outcome than what this third edition of Chan has delivered for the continent and the world at large,” Mbebe said in a statement. “We are also quite pleased to have been the country to present the platform for Chan to leave a lasting legacy, with Fifa granting it A-status, as well as the tournament setting a new benchmark for highest stadium attendance.” Cape Town, Bloemfontein and Polokwane hosted Chan matches, with Libya emerging as the champions on 1 February after defeating Ghana 4-3 on penalties at Cape Town Stadium. “When we took on the responsibility to host Chan, after the success of the Africa Cup of Nations (Afcon), we knew that we had a daunting task ahead of us, compounded by the fact that this is a young tournament,” Mbebe said. “We spent more time educating and creating awareness through the country about what Chan was really about and how different it was from Afcon before we could even drive football lovers to go buy tickets for the tournament.” The tournament, which featured African national teams made up of players plying their trade in their home countries, drew 227 258 spectators, with 1 117 volunteers and 1 138 security and disaster management personnel deployed to ensure its success. For the opening and closing ceremonies alone, Mbebe said, Chan created jobs for 185 technicians, stage hands, runners, costume designers, props producers, make-up artists and creatives. About 300 performers from local communities, including Khayelitsha, Gugulethu and Mitchells Plain, were employed, while local resources and infrastructure were also used. Source: SANews.gov.zalast_img read more

How to run your own secure IoT cloud server for $8/year

first_imgThis article provides an introduction on how to setup a secure Internet of Things (IoT) cloud server, where memory-constrained edge nodes can communicate securely with the cloud server and where devices can be managed in real time using a web-based user interface. This article is tailored for learning purposes and DIY projects. At the end of the article, we provide a link to the details (the recipe with $8 ingredients) on how you can setup your own secure IoT server and device infrastructure.IoT cloud server solutions Most IoT cloud server solutions, whether they provide ready-to-use hosted services or not, are based on a standard Virtual Private Server (VPS). Most developers probably think about Amazon or Microsoft Azure’s services when considering the server side of their IoT solution. These high-end services are great if you need to scale up to millions of connected devices. However, for most small-scale operations and DIY projects, a low-cost VPS is more than adequate.The website lowendbox.com provides reviews for low-cost Virtual Private Servers and is a great place to start when selecting a VPS. We found an $8/year VPS suitable for our secure IoT experiment. With this VPS, we were able to connect up to 10,000 devices. Connecting more devices requires more memory, but the VPS we selected has memory limitations (64MB). Thus, if your IoT solution requires more connected devices, a VPS with more memory will be required.VPS providers, including Amazon, typically provide a web-based user interface from where you can manage your VPS. The web-based control panel provides services such as selecting and installing/re-installing the operating system. The operating system of choice is typically a flavor of Linux. After installing the Linux operating system using the web interface, the server will be online and be ready for you to logon and manage.Cloud server operating system and software A freshly installed Linux operating system on an online VPS is typically bare-bone with few services running. At a minimum, the Linux installation must have an SSH (Secure Shell) server running so you can remotely logon to the server and install software of your choice. The software we selected for the server-side IoT solution is an application server called the Mako Server. One of the reasons for selecting the Mako Server is that it uses memory very efficiently. In contrast, most high-end server side application frameworks will require large amounts of memory, and are therefore unable to operate on a low-cost VPS.The Mako Server is an extremely light-weight application server that can easily operate within the memory limitations of a low-cost VPS. Another reason for selecting the Mako Server is that the server can act as a dual-certificate server, thereby enabling the use standard RSA certificates for browsers and small ECC certificates for edge nodes. SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificates can have a great impact on memory if you do not consider the type of certificate being used in your IoT solutions. Using the wrong type of certificate may break the design of a memory-constrained edge node. We will consider this in more detail in the security section below.IoT protocol for secure edge-node-to-cloud communication The Mako Server includes a secure IoT protocol called SMQ (Simple Message Queues). The server and its application framework enable the user to write server-side scripts for interacting directly with the SMQ IoT broker. The server-side application framework also enables the user to extend the IoT protocol and connect it to other services on the Internet or to other local services running on the VPS, such as database services.The SMQ protocol infrastructure (Source: Real Time Logic) The SMQ protocol is ideal when secure real-time data exchange between a web interface and an edge node is required. The protocol, which is similar to the pub/sub mechanism in MQTT, enables web-based user interfaces to control edge nodes in real time. All communication goes via the cloud server, which means you will not run into any network address translation (NAT) traversal issues when communicating between different (local) networks.Enabling trust and security Not surprisingly, setting up a secure IoT solution requires more work than setting up a non-secure solution. A secure IoT implementation requires that, at a minimum, you setup a trusted server. The SSL/TLS (Secure Sockets Layer / Transport Layer Security) protocol is used for the encrypted communication, but TLS will not be secure unless the infrastructure is based on trusted X.509 (SSL) certificates. This trust is the key component required for TLS to be secure. For this reason, it is important to install a certificate in the server that is trusted by all of the client’s connected to the server.A browser that connects to the server requires an installed certificate that is signed by a well-known certificate authority (CA). In this case, “well-known” means that the CA’s public root certificate is pre-installed in the browser/computer that you are using. You can use free or paid-for well-known CA services when signing your server certificate.A device that connects to the online server can keep a copy of the CA’s public root certificate in the device. This certificate can be extracted from your browser/computer and copied to your device. The device will not be able to validate (trust) the server’s certificate if the device does not keep a copy of the CA’s public root certificate. The CA’s public root certificate is typically embedded in the device firmware.An alternative to using a well-known CA is for you to become your own CA and to use your own server certificate for device communication. Since you are in full control of the device and can store any type of certificate in the device, including your own public root certificate, you can easily use your own signed server certificate for device communication. Being your own CA is not difficult when you have easy-to-use tools.One of the benefits of being your own CA for the certificate exchanged between the server and the device clients is that you can select to use an Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) certificate for the server. The benefit with using an ECC certificate is that the certificate is much smaller than an RSA certificate, and thus consumes much less memory in the device during the initial SSL handshake.An illustration of the size difference between an ECC Certificate, an RSA Certificate, and a chained RSA Certificate (Source: Real Time Logic) SSL certificates can have a huge impact on memory in constrained edge nodes, so using a non-chained ECC certificate may be a requirement for a memory-constrained device. Most well-known CA services only sign RSA certificates; meanwhile, the free/low-cost CA providers typically sign certificates with an intermediate CA certificate that requires a chain of trust, thereby consuming even more memory in the device.As was previously noted, one of the benefits with the Mako Server is that it can act as a dual-certificate server, whereby browsers are served a larger (chained) RSA certificate and devices are served a smaller (non-chained) ECC certificate. A dual-certificate server provides great flexibility as it allows the use of small certificates for devices and RSA certificates for browsers. The RSA certificate can be signed by a well-known CA, while the ECC certificate is preferably signed by your own CA.Getting started If you want to learn more, head over to the Mako Server’s IoT page. This page includes instructions on how to setup your own secure cloud server and how to securely connect ARM mbed boards (edge-node devices) to your cloud server. July 6, 2016 at 5:03 pm Continue Reading Previous Secure your data with self-encrypting drives (SEDs)Next Push-button generation of deep neural networks 4 thoughts on “How to run your own secure IoT cloud server for $8/year” Log in to Reply July 6, 2016 at 4:52 pm Tyrion says: Joffrey says: Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must Register or Login to post a comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. “Commercial entities can also use this solution. See the following page for details: https://makoserver.net/license/nHowever, we wanted to focus on the learning aspect in this article since many developers are unfamiliar with setting up a secure IoT s Log in to Reply Joffrey says: Log in to Reply July 4, 2016 at 3:47 pm Share this:TwitterFacebookLinkedInMoreRedditTumblrPinterestWhatsAppSkypePocketTelegram Tags: Communications, Industry, Medical, Security “You are right Tyrion. I was just highlighting the terms of the license which limit the scope to learning and DIY projects ONLY as righlty mentioned in the article.” “Joffrey, it says in the article that the material is attuned for “learning purposes and DIY projects”.” “Thank you Wilfried for this interesting article.nIt is worth mentioning the license terms for the Mako Server:nn”The Mako Server is free of charge for non-commercial or educational use.”nnIt wasn’t obvious that this is not an open source solution. Log in to Reply WNilsen says: July 6, 2016 at 8:44 pm last_img read more

Jean Béliveau on Historia Series Cast Revealed at Last

first_imgAdvertisement The series is a sports drama featuring five sixty-minute episodes produced by Pixcom Productions, and will begin airing on March 15, 2017, on Historia, along with an hour-long documentary and a web documentary.About Corus Média Corus Média operates the French-language specialty television brands Historia, Séries+, Télétoon and La chaîne Disney in Quebec. It is a subsidiary of Corus Entertainment Inc. (TSX: CRJ.B), a leading media and content company that creates and delivers high quality brands and content across many platforms for audiences around the world. The company’s multi-media service portfolio includes 45 specialty TV channels, 39 radio stations, 15 conventional TV stations, international distribution, digital content, events, children’s book publishing, animation creation software and technology and media services. Corus’s collection of premium brands includes Global Television, W Network, OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network Canada, HGTV Canada, Food Network Canada, HISTORY®, Showcase, National Geographic, Q107, CKNW, Fresh Radio, Disney Channel Canada, YTV and Nickelodeon Canada. Visit Corus at www.corusent.com. Historia is revealing the remarkable cast of the dramatic series Jean Béliveau about the life of a national hero, the “gentleman of hockey,” which began filming on October 20. Pierre-Yves Cardinal will have the honour of playing the famous Number 4 and former captain of the Canadiens, alongside Madeleine Péloquin who will play his wife, Élise Béliveau. Co-stars will include Patrice Bélanger (Boom Boom Geoffrion), Marc Beaupré (Henri Richard), Frédéric Blanchette (Butch Bouchard), Bruno Marcil (Maurice Richard) and Stéphane Crête (René Lecavalier). Jacques Savoie is writing the script for this original series, a first for the channel, and François Gingras is directing it.“We’d like to honour the memory of this national hero with this major historical series. It is an unprecedented project for Historia. As the channel’s first original dramatic series, we are sending a clear message about our commitment to encouraging independent Quebec productions,” says Brigitte Vincent, Vice-President of Content and Programming. “We are particularly proud of having brought together such a solid cast to tell the story of this exceptional man, Jean Béliveau, through this major project,” adds Nicola Merola, President of Pixcom Productions and executive producer of the series.Jean Béliveau left a mark on Quebec. He was a symbol of success, both socially and professionally. Known as the gentleman of hockey, he was not only a star, but a businessman, husband and father who earned widespread admiration and respect. Béliveau is a hockey legend, and though he was constantly under pressure, he was armed with unmatched strength of character and overcame several injuries. Relive the highlights of this national hero’s career, which spanned from 1950 to 1971. Originally from Victoriaville, he began playing for the Citadelles in Quebec City, followed by the Quebec Aces before he went on to become the captain of the Montréal Canadiens, earning five Stanley Cups. Béliveau was considered one of the best hockey players of his time. Young players sought to imitate him on the ice, while older ones revered him as a model of loyalty, rectitude and resilience. Advertisement Advertisement Login/Register With: LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Facebook Twitterlast_img read more