Liverpool regains verve with 5-0 thrashing of Watford

first_imgRogue cops marked as Gamboa’s targets in his appointment as PNP chief Tom Brady most dominant player in AFC championship history Mane’s double meant he has recorded his best Premier League scoring return of 14 goals, with 10 matches still to go. It was the fifth home league match in succession in which he has scored.The result was exactly the boost Liverpool needed ahead of a short trip to Everton for the Merseyside derby on Sunday. The Reds maintained their one-point lead over Manchester City.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Maria Sharapova pulls out of Miami Open after shoulder procedure Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award View comments MOST READ LATEST STORIES Japeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for Ginebracenter_img Eugenie Bouchard’s bid for Australian Open spot ends in qualifying Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title Questions were starting to be asked about Liverpool’s credentials after four draws in the team’s last five matches in all competitions. But this performance signaled a return to the verve and inventiveness which Juergen Klopp’s team needed to rediscover.It was typified by Mane’s — and Liverpool’s — second goal of the night, a brilliant back-heel from 12 meters out which caught Watford goalkeeper Ben Foster by surprise.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissSPORTSCoronation night?SPORTSThirdy Ravena gets‍‍‍ offers from Asia, Australian ball clubsThe Senegal international had already, somewhat surprisingly, scored with a header having been given the job of central striker in the absence of the injured Roberto Firmino.Firmino’s replacement, Divock Origi, was posted on the left wing to accommodate Mane in his new role, and he added the third goal in the 66th minute that gave Liverpool breathing space. Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Liverpool’s Virgil van Dijk, left, celebrates with Liverpool’s Trent Alexander-Arnold at the end of the English Premier League soccer match between Liverpool and Watford at Anfield stadium in Liverpool, England, Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2019. (AP Photo/Rui Vieira)LIVERPOOL, England — Sadio Mane and Virgil van Dijk both scored twice as Liverpool brushed aside concerns about its recent struggles by thrashing Watford 5-0 Wednesday to stay top of the Premier League.In a win built on brilliant performances by Liverpool’s defenders, right back Trent Alexander-Arnold set up three goals — including the opening two for Mane — and left back Andrew Robertson the other two. Van Dijk, a center back, headed in the final two goals at Anfield.ADVERTISEMENT Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titlelast_img read more

Judge Gbeneweleh to Deliver Verdict in US$950K Global Witness Case Today

first_imgOn trial for alleged bribery, as claimed by Global Witness in the Sable Mining case (clockwise): Sen. Varney Sherman, J. Alex Tyler, Dr. Eugene Shannon, PPCC Chairman Willie Belleh, and Senator Morris Saytumah. Judge Peter Gbeneweleh of Criminal Court ‘C’ will on Tuesday, July 30, 2019 deliver his verdict whether guilty or not-guilty into the alleged US$950,000 Global Witness Case that involves several current and past public officials, including Senator Varney Sherman of Grand Cape Mount County.By 2:00 p.m., Judge Gbeneweleh, who is presiding over the case as both jury and the judge, will read verdict.The defendants are facing charges of bribery, economic sabotage, criminal conspiracy, criminal solicitation and criminal facilitation. Prosecutors are asking for the maximum sentence of 15 years.Global Witness had earlier accused Sherman, then lawyer of Sable Mining, a UK-based mining company of influencing the Sable to pay to him U$950,000 to have the money distributed to some public officials to include former Speaker Alex Tyler, the former Minister of Lands, Mines and Energy (now Mines and Energy), Eugene Shannon; former Deputy Minister of Lands, Mines and Energy, Ernest C.B. Jones; Morris Saytumah, former Minister of State for Finance, Economic and Legal Affairs, now a Senator of Bomi County; Willie Belleh, former Public Procurement Concession Commission (PPCC) chairman, and a Nigerian businessman Christopher Onanuga.The payment, the Global Witness claimed, was to alter PPCC’s law, which would have enabled the officials to award the Wologizi Mountain in Lofa County to Sable without any competitive bidding process.Gbeneweleh2.jpgJudge Peter Gbeneweleh, Assigned Judge, Criminal Court ‘C’Before his scheduled judgment, Gbeneweleh had questioned the legality surrounding the government’s acquisition of the email and spreadsheets that are regarded as pieces of documentary evidence the prosecution relied on to prove the case against the defendants.Prosecution had also claimed that the pieces of documentary evidence were obtained by one Paul O. Sullivan, believed to be Global Witness’ investigative journalist, who supposedly downloaded copies from the computer of the former country director of Sable Mining, Heine Van Neikerk, a South African.Both did Van Neikerk and Sullivan were made to appear before Judge Gbeneweleh to testify to their authenticity of the emails and the spreadsheets evidence, which co-defendant Sherman argued were hacked.Besides, the emails and spreadsheets evidence, believed to be statement of executives of Van Neikerk and Sullivan, were never notarized in that country as provided for by international law.To justify the authenticity of the evidence, prosecution admitted that the document not being notarized in South Africa, however, contended that one its lawyer, late Cllr. Theophlius Gould, who did not travel to South Africa, while in Liberia was instrumental to have received affidavit believed to be a statement of Van Neikerk.The defendants have maintained that these evidence are false, and that the prosecution obtained them fraudulently, and were subsequently hacked.According to legal experts, a notary serves as an important extra witness to the consummation of a formal legal agreement. His/her decision to notarize a particular document confirms that the documents were created with the knowledge and consent of the parties to it.The Global Witness on May 11, 2016, released a report entitled; “The Deceivers” where it claimed that Sherman and his law firm instructed Sable Mining to disburse US$950,000 to individuals, both in government at the time and out of government to insert Section 75 into the Amended and restatement PPCC Act of 2010, without going through a bidding process to award the Wologisi Mountain to Sable Mining.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Pac-10 basketball roundup: Oregon rallies to beat WSU

first_imgWashington State (22-5, 11-5) had won five straight since a 77-74 overtime loss to Oregon in Pullman, Wash. After trailing by as many as 14 points in the first half, Oregon went up 46-43 midway through the second on Bryce Taylor’s 3-pointer. Washington State responded with a 9-0 run, and went ahead 52-46 on Daven Harmeling’s 3-pointer. Oregon closed to 55-53 on Porter’s 3-pointer, then went ahead on another Porter 3 with 3:36 left. Porter made 4 of 6 3-pointers. Brooks finished with 16points. The Ducks have won 13straight against the Cougars, and 21 of the past 22. Washington State hasn’t won in Eugene since 1995. Oregon St. 73, Washington 65: Josh Tarver had 16 points and seven assists to lead host Oregon State. Freshman Tajuan Porter scored 21 points and Aaron Brooks made a layup with 12.9 seconds left to seal No. 23 Oregon’s 64-59 victory over ninth-ranked Washington State on Thursday. The host Ducks (21-7, 9-7 Pac-10) had lost three straight games and six of their past eight. The victory marked the third time Oregon has defeated a top-10 team this season. center_img Marcel Jones added 15 points for the Beavers (11-18, 3-13 Pac-10), whose previous conference wins had come against Arizona State. Spencer Hawes had 22 points for the Huskies (16-11, 6-9), whose NCAA Tournament hopes are dim after three straight losses. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

New course a site to see

first_imgMany participants were there to top their all-time best times. Some came with dreams of racing past the mighty Kenyans, who have taken top spots for almost a decade. But most ran for themselves, or a cause or to inspire someone in their lives. As an enthusiastic Tina Smith warmed up with friends; she said her personal theme this year was “you only live once.” “I want to inspire my kids,” said the Pasadena resident, who ran her first marathon Sunday. Brandon Ross, 37, of Santa Monica, said he was glad the starting gun went off in the San Fernando Valley. “It’ll be nice starting out here,” said Ross, ahead of his eighth marathon. “This will give the Valley a little more identity.” Marathon organizers called this year’s run one of many firsts: A new start line for the first time in the San Fernando Valley area, a sprint through East Los Angeles, and a point-to-point course instead of a loop. The course also passed through Hollywood before coming to an end at Fifth and Flower streets downtown. And Mother Nature did her part by offering up clear, blue skies. Still, as temperatures rose in the afternoon, more than 100 calls came into the Los Angeles Fire Department to treat heat exhaustion and dehydration. One man died during the 22-mile bicycle race held in conjunction with the marathon. The man, believed to have been in his 50s, died of an apparent heart attack. “We’ve had a lot of heat-related emergencies,” said Melissa Kelley, a spokeswoman for the Los Angeles Fire Department. “It’s the heat combined with the humidity that is a big factor.” The Metro Red Line got a good workout as well, with the Metropolitan Transportation Authority adding extra trains to take runners to the start line and their fans back to downtown to watch the finish. Many sat huddled inside the Universal City station in the early morning to keep warm ahead of the big race. Stuntman Dennis Marsella, who has run in 56 marathons and is well-known among seasoned runners as “The Coatman,” donned his trademark wing-tipped shoes and denim jacket for the race. He praised marathon president William Burke for the decision to move the route and encourage participants to use public transportation, just as in New York. “In New York, they take buses to the marathon, so (using public transportation) is a good thing,” said Marshall, 56. “Burke’s not given enough credit.” Some admitted that the new course gave them a case of the jitters. “That it doesn’t start and end in the same place makes me nervous, but I also know that the race is 13 miles downhill, so I’m looking forward to that,” said Mike Bernard, 65, of Granada Hills. “There are many more positives this year.” susan.abram@dailynews.com (818) 713-3664 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Surrounded by high-rise hotels and the Hollywood Freeway, the runners took off amid cheers from family members and other supporters. Many of the runners used the event to bring attention to a cause, such as cancer or the war in Iraq. “It’s an opportunity for me to stay healthy,” said Liz Roark, 48, of Palmdale, who was running for AIDS awareness. “I’ve lost 185 pounds.” Once again, Kenyan men dominated the pack, finishing first, second and third. Fred Mogaka, 18, won the contest with a finishing time of 2 hours, 17 minutes, and 14 seconds. Russian Ramilia Burangolova, 45, who now lives in Florida, was the fastest woman, finishing in 2:37.54. Spectators lined the Lankershim Boulevard overpass on the Hollywood Freeway to watch as the massive crowd of runners in neon T-shirts, caps and parkas uncoiled itself like a colorful caterpillar that began inching its way toward Hollywood. PHOTO GALLERIES: L.A. Marathon | L.A. Marathon, 2UNIVERSAL CITY For the first time in its history, the Los Angeles Marathon not only passed through a sliver of the San Fernando Valley, it also kicked off in Universal City – one of a number of iconic stops on the newly designed route. Nearly 25,000 runners, walkers, thrill-seekers – and even some middle-aged guys dressed as superheroes – crowded onto the intersection of Cahuenga and Lankershim boulevards in Universal City for the start of the 22nd race. last_img read more

DODGE PROMISING TO RETURN THIS WEEKEND

first_imgA DONEGAL NIGHTCLUB forced to close due to “an electrical fault” last weekend has promised to reopen its doors this weekend.In a statement on its Facebook page, the Dodge nightclub in Gaoth Dobhair says its doors will open at 11.30pm.The club closed last Saturday night just an hour after opening, telling punters about the fault. This weekend they are having a CSI themed night.One regular joked: “If the electric plays up this Saturday night, we will be well equipped to investigate it!”   DODGE PROMISING TO RETURN THIS WEEKEND was last modified: January 20th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:dodge nightclubGaoth Dobhairlast_img read more

TOP SHARK EXPERT ‘DR HAMMERHEAD’ TO VISIT DONEGAL SCHOOL

first_imgA leading shark biologist and one of Discovery Channel’s famous ‘Sharkmen’ will visit Malin Head to give a shark biology workshop at Carndonagh Secondary school next Wednesday, October 1st.A basking sharkThe event is part of a Nationwide Lecture tour organised by the Inishowen Basking Shark Study Group, RDS and the American Embassy in Dublin.The marine biology workshop in Carndonagh which will be delivered by Dr Klimley (AKA Dr. Hammerhead ) and the local Inishowen based Basking Shark research team will focus on encouraging students to consider science and in particular marine biology as a career choice. “Bringing Dr Klimley to Malin Head is another small step in furthering our plans to develop an internationally important Marine centre with research and education facilities at Malin head. Over the past number of years we have established an excellent working relationship with QUB and GMIT through our shark research programs and this tour highlights the significance of that research which has been undertaken on our doorstep.” said Emmett Johnston coordinator of the Inishowen based group.Each year the Inishowen Basking Shark Study Group undertake a new project to raise awareness in the coastal communities around Malin head about the wider marine environment.The lecture tour is designed to establish a working relationship with Dr Klimley’s research team and develop collaborative studies which further the knowledge and conservation of shark species worldwide.Dr. Peter Klimley is a world renown shark biologist and the internationally recognised authority on Hammerhead sharks. He started his career as a fringe researcher who questioned established shark study methods and scientific thought on shark behaviour. His early work was characterised by low budget , high impact studies which broke ground in human understanding of what makes sharks tick and more important why they are aggressive under certain circumstances .“Dr. Klimley’s visit to our study site helps us to broaden the reach and significance of our work here at Malin head and further develop our reputation as one of the top study sites for cold water sharks in the world” said Donal Griffen the chief organiser of the Lecture tourThe lecture tour starts in Dublin at the RDS on Monday the 29thbefore moving to Queens University Belfast on the 30th and Carndonagh secondary School on the 1st and finally to GMIT and Galway Aquarium on the 2nd and 3rd of October.All lectures are booked out except the RDS which has a limited number of tickets left. Further information can be found on www.baskingshark.ie or www.rds.ie TOP SHARK EXPERT ‘DR HAMMERHEAD’ TO VISIT DONEGAL SCHOOL was last modified: September 25th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:CarndonaghdonegalDr HammerheadLectureMalin Headsharkslast_img read more

EOGHAN MCGINLEY WINS THE BALLYRAINE 5K – WHERE DID YOU COME?

first_imgBallyraine 5K Results16.11 Eoghan McGinley Rathfarnham WSAF AC 16.39Adam Speer 24/7 Triathlon 16.57 Gavin Crawford 24/7 Triathlon 17.12Raymond Birch Letterkenny A C 17.13Seamus Odonnell Convoy Runners 18.00Brian Crossan Letterkenny A C 18.04 Paddy Mc Gee Individual 18.23Joseph Mc Carthy Individual 18.31Ben Geroge Letterkenny AC 18.40Brian Ferry Letterkenny AC 18.40Kevin Ferry Letterkenny AC 18.41 Mark Gillon Individual 18.44Paul Cosgrove Letterkenny AC 18.58Dan Friel Individual 19.02Joe English Letterkenny AC 19.08 Martin Dav Wecc 24/7 Triathlon 19.44Barry Mackey Individual 19.54Johnathon Edwards Individual 19.59Gerard Callaghan 24/7 Triathlon 20.04Dylan Boal Individual 20.08Cathal Morrinson Individual 20.08Jarlath Duffy 24/7 Triathlon 20.20Mark Canning Individual 20.43Edgan Desaleux Individual 20.48Manus Peoples Individual 20.49Stephen Byrne Individual 20.49Jason Black Individual 20.56Damian Patton Individual 21.02Paul Lee Letterkenny A C 21.09Emma Mc Gee Letterkenny AC 21.10Patrick Mc Nulty 24/7 Triathlon 21.13John McFadden Individual 21.14Mathew McKinney Individual 21.15Serena Mc Daid Letterkenny AC 21.15Irene Mc Fadden Letterkenny AC 21.16Declan Mc Laughin Individual 21.17Luke Murphy Letterkenny AC 21.18Chriss Nee Individual 21.24Shannon Mc Laughlin Finn Valley AC 21.32Andrew Leihtion Individual 21.37Sammy Johnston 24/7 Triathlon 21.38Wilson Craig Lifford AC 21.40John Hughes Individual 21.40Richard Raymond Letterkenny ACHugh Ferry Individual 22.04John Mc Elwaine Lifford AC 22.24Shannon Craig Lifford AC 22.25David Wilson Finn Valley AC 22.37Shaun O Donnell Lifford AC 22.39Margaret Shiels Letterkenny AC 22.40Sharon Black Letterkenny AC 22.49Paul Roulston Individual 22.56Rachel Enfield Individual 23.16Brian Duffy Individual 23.23Aidan Kelly Individual 23.24Blake Boal Individual 23.27Nancy Mc nanee Finn Valley AC 23.54Anthony Anderson Individual 24.02Denise Mc Gahern Finn Valley AC 24.29Sam Favilaner Individual 24.30Christabel Okungbowa Individual 24.31Peter Craig Individual 24.32Mark Rodgers Individual 24.32Pauline Sweeney Individual 24.42James Gallergher Letterkenny AC 24.43Adrian Wasson 24/7 Triathlon 24.50Kevin Gallinagh Individual 25.01Gavin McMenamin Individual 25.07John Mc Brearty Individual 25.08Marie Mc Colgan Finn Valley AC 25.21Amanda Mc Grath Letterkenny AC 25.22Connor Gallergher Letterkenny AC 25.23Leona Thompson Individual 25.24Jason Murray Individual 25.25Barry Tinney Individual 25.27Lisa Gallagher Individual 25.34John Criag Lifford AC 25.35Mark Cannon Individual 25.37Noel Heekin Letterkenny AC 25.46Rory Callaghan Individual 25.46Jackie Callaghan Individual 25.52Andy Stewart Letterkenny A C 25.52Rachel Robinson Individual 25.52Noelle Gallinagh Individual 25.54David Oliver Individual 26.00David Boal Individual 26.04PJ Kelly Individual 26.12Amanda Toland Individual 26.13Eileen Morning Individual 26.23Kate Kemp Individual 26.23Heather Oliver Individual 26.26Joanne Boal Individual 26.36Kathy Kelly Finn Valley A C 26.37Gerry Burke Individual 26.42Stella Mc Cole Individual 27.26Mary Bonnar Individual 27.27Ruth McCrudden Letterkenny AC 27.28Catherine McKinney Letterkenny AC 27.52Majella Gartlan Individual 27.53Caolan Russell Individual 27.58Jimmy Peoples Individual 28.00Emma Mc Laughlin Convoy Runners 28.00Catherine Gallinagh Individual 28.11Aisling Gordon Individual 28.23Rosaleen Gallaghar Individual 28.29Margo Mc Nally Individual 28.31Louise Mailey Convoy Runners 28.32Grainne Moore Individual 28.33Florence Blake Individual 28.42Jessica McClean Individual 29.18Linda Moore Individual 29.18Michael Parkinson Individual 29.50Lisa Moore Individual 30.07Jean Mc Glinchey Individual 30.08Helen McNulty Individual 30.14Valerie Parke Convoy Runners 30.17Claire McKernan Individual 30.28Charlie Cannon Individual 30.54Nadine Lyons Individual 31.18Chistina Wilkinson Individual 31.18Caroline Lyons Individual 31.24Chloe Blake Individual 31.39Jay Moore Individual 31.48TJ Wylie Individual 31.48Brid Mc Gongle Individual 32.04Calum Daly Individual 32.21Wendy Daly Individual 32.22Rachel Boal Individual 32.22Clive Wasson Individual 32.36Joleen Mc Hugh Convoy Runners 32.37Adam Enfield Individual 32.37Patrick Enfield Individual 32.49Maire Gadine Individual 33.15Noreen Sharkey Individual 33.16Deirdre Sheridan Individual 33.34Anne Kirwan Individual 33.35Trish Diver Individual 33.35Ewocenam Doe Individual 33.48Mary Black Individual 33.48Diane Heatherington Convoy Runners 33.49Michael Black Finn Valley AC 33.50Jack Robinson Individual 33.51Ann Robinson Individual 33.52Anne McGovern Individual 34.11Katelyn Russell Individual 34.03EOGHAN MCGINLEY WINS THE BALLYRAINE 5K – WHERE DID YOU COME? was last modified: September 26th, 2014 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:5kathleticsNoticesSportlast_img read more

Ingle Named Bulldog Student-Athlete of the Week

first_imgCaitlin Ingle, a senior from Runnells, Iowa, has been named this week’s Bulldog Student-Athlete of the Week, presented by Drake Graduate and Professional Programs.Ingle, a guard on the Drake women’s basketball team, helped lead the team to a pair of wins over Bradley and Illinois State to improve to 20-4 and 13-0 in MVC play. The Valley wins helped Drake set the best-ever start to league play in MVC history. Ingle scored 16 points and added seven assists, three rebounds and one steal against Bradley. She had five points and 10 assists versus Illinois State. Academically, Ingle holds a 3.84 grade point average as a psychology major. This is the third Bulldog Student-Athlete of the Week award for Ingle, who also earned the honor back on Dec. 19 and Jan. 3. She was tabbed MVC Scholar-Athlete of the Week on Jan. 24. Ingle ranks first all-time in MVC history and second all-time at Drake in career assists with 722, and she is third among active NCAA players. This season, Ingle is averaging 7.8 assists per game, which ranks second in the nation, along with scoring 10.5 points per game. Ingle and her teammates play at Indiana State on Feb. 17 at 6 p.m. The contest will be shown on The Valley on ESPN3.About Drake Graduate & Professional ProgramsDrake University offers graduate and professional programs in business, law, health care, leadership, education, public administration, counseling, executive education, and communication. At Drake, students discover proven outcomes, flexible scheduling for working professionals, and career advancement. Learn more about how Drake’s graduate and professional programs can take your career to the next level at www.drake.edu/graduate. Print Friendly Versionlast_img read more

Carndonagh and Raphoe marts postponed

first_imgRaphoe and Carndonagh Marts have postponed their sales for tomorrow.Raphoe Livestock Mart has told Donegal Daily that there will be no sheep sale tomorrow due to the weather and it will now take place on Tuesday the 17th of October.Carndonagh Mart’s cattle sale has also been cancelled tomorrow and will instead take place on Tuesday. Carndonagh and Raphoe marts postponed was last modified: October 15th, 2017 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:CarndonaghcattleMartRaphoesheeplast_img read more

Did Haeckel’s Defunct Recapitulation Theory Influence the Supreme Court?

first_imgOne of our readers uncovered an amicus brief from the American Psychological Association (q.v. on American Bar Association website) encouraging the Supreme Court to overturn capital punishment for minors (see 03/04/2005 entry).  One of the key arguments in the brief is that “Neuropsychological research demonstrates that the adolescent brain has not reached adult maturity.”  Zeroing in on scientific evidence, the brief claimed “Of particular interest with regard to decision-making and criminal culpability is the development of the frontal lobes of the brain.”  (Emphasis added in all quotes.)    For support, the brief cited a 2004 paper by Gogtay et al. from PNAS,1 describing results of MRI scans of 13 young individuals undergoing various activities; the team concluded that juvenile frontal lobes were not as well developed as those of adults.  Yet this team’s conclusions leaned heavily on evolutionary assumptions, particularly those of Ernst Haeckel, author of the now-defunct “recapitulation theory” (often stated in its pretentious prose, “ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny,” meaning, the development of the embryo imitates its evolutionary history).  The paper contains subtle references to recapitulation theory in making the claim that teenagers are too immature for responsible behavior:The superior temporal cortex, which contains association areas that integrate information from several sensory modalities, matured last. Furthermore, the maturation of the cortex also appeared to follow the evolutionary sequence in which these regions were created.In mammals, the inferior temporal cortex, along with parts of the STG, posterior parietal cortex, and prefrontal cortex, are high-order association areas, which are also most recent evolutionarily.  Our observation of these areas appearing to mature later may suggest that the cortical development follows the evolutionary sequence to some degree.Similarly, gender differences in brain maturation could not be explored, because there are only six males and seven females in the sample.  However, our findings uncover key information on the maturational sequence of early brain development and its relation to functional and evolutionary milestones.Phylogenetically, some of the oldest cortical regions lie on the inferior brain surface in the medial aspect of the temporal lobe… The maturation process in the vicinity of these areas appeared to have started early (ontogenetically) already by the age of 4 years…  (Bullets added.)In The Mismeasure of Man (W. W. Norton, 1981), Stephen Jay Gould catalogued the history of the recapitulation theory, which “By 1920… had collapsed.”  He says that it “ranks among the most influential ideas of late nineteenth-century science” and gives examples of its abuse to justify racism and sexism.  Gould claims that the scientific evidence actually supports the opposite conclusion: the young and the embryo are more advanced than the adult, a concept termed neoteny.  If so, this turns the racist and sexist interpretations of the recapitulation theory upside down:Under recapitulation, adults of inferior races are like children of superior races.  But neoteny reverses the argument.  In the context of neoteny, it is “good”—that is, advanced or superior—to retain the traits of childhood, to develop more slowly.  Thus, superior groups retain their childlike characters as adults, while inferior groups pass through the higher phase of childhood and then degenerate toward apishness.  Now consider the conventional prejudice of white scientists: whites are superior, blacks inferior.  Under recapitulation, black adults should be like white children.  But under neoteny, white adults should be like black children.This demonstrates how a misguided scientific claim can have profound cultural effects, sometimes polar opposites from the same data.1Gogtay et al., “Dynamic mapping of human cortical development during childhood through early adulthood,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences PNAS 101: 8174-8179; published online before print as 10.1073/pnas.0402680101.This is scandalous.  If the Supreme Court was snookered by baloney offered up by the pseudoscientific APA in making its decision, then every family member of every victim murdered by juveniles, every suffering witness to Columbine High School’s mass murder spree, should point an angry, accusing finger at Ernst Haeckel, and Pope Charlie who encouraged him, and all the current charlatans who still invoke Haeckel’s phony “biogenetic law” of recapitulation, and accuse them all of co-conspiracy to divert attention from the Constitution and onto pseudoscience.  (Read the 03/04/2005 entry and commentary also.)    No other society has deemed teenagers as incapable of morally responsible behavior; on the contrary, good societies have stressed the importance of moral training early in life, and the need to correct misbehavior from childhood.  MRI scans have nothing to say about the moral character of minors, much less so whether the development of their frontal lobes is recapping some presumed animal ancestry.  Read Gould’s steaming indictment of recapitulation theory and its promoter, the fraud Ernst Haeckel, who practically worshipped the ground Father Charlie walked on.  Folks, you have just seen Darwinian mythology sway the highest court in the land on a matter of life and death.  What are you going to do about it?(Visited 58 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more